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AABB
type of form from British isles
Acoustics
sub branch of physics; scientific study of sound
African Music traits
call and response ostinato polyrhythm polyphonic texture buzzy timbres textural density over lapping phrases interlocking phrases ground and elaboration parts participatory
Amplitude
Power of Sound; loudness
Apartheid
System of state sponsored racism
Bela Fleck
Banjo-Throw Down Your Heart
Binary Form
2 Parts
Bira
Spirit position ceremony in Zimbabwe
Cadence
Pause between phrases
Call and Response
Sing a line, sing back; coversational
Cecil Rhodes
Owned Mines
Chimurenga
Meaning political struggle
Chordophone
String Instrument
Colonialism
Foreign authority for the purpose of extracting resources
Contour
Musical Shape
Counterpoint
Type of Texture; polyphonic; multiple voice
Dynamics
loudness
Edward Hall
Non-verbal communication
Electronophone
Uses an amp
Ensemble
More than one instrument
Evelyn Glennie
Deaf Drummer in "Touch the Sound."
Fixed Pitch
Does not move around: Piano, Harp, Xylophone
Flow
State of mind; in the here and now; good for your mind
Form
Architectural structure of music
Frequency
Speed at which something vibrates
Griot
West African Musician, historian, and storyteller
Ground and Elaboration
Type of texture; pair of drummer
Heterophonic Tecture
Simultaneous variations
Homophonic
Harmony
Hosho
Rattle
Hut tax
Put a tax on anything
Idiophone
Whole thing rattles
Inside/Outside the house
Worldview
Joseph Shabalala
Leader of Ladysmith
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
10 Piece African male a capella group from Durban, Africa.
Loudness
How loud something is
Marimba
Like an xylophone
Mbira
Thumb Piano
Melody
Succession of pitches
Melody and Drone
Type of Texture; held pitch then melody
Membranophone
Drum; stretched membrane
Meter
Organization of pulses
Monophonic
Single Voice Texture
Non-verbal Communication
No using words or sounds
Optimal Experience
Sense of flow
Oral Transmission
Show not read
Ostinato
Short repeating phrase
Overtones
Partial Vibrations Secondary Pitches
Participatory Music
Physically involved
Phrase
Short complete musical idea
Pitch
Highness or lowness of a tone; determined by frequency
Polyglot
Speaks many languages
Polyphony
Many Voices
Polyrhythm
Many rhythms
Popular Music
Involved in Cash Economy Musicians ear all or part of their living Mass Mediated
Pulse
The beat
Resonator
Part of an instrument to make it resonate
Rhythm
All the aspects of rhythms that deal with time
Sliding pitch
Not steady; Trombone
Spirit Medium
"Crazy People" People who call the spirts
Spirit Possession
When the spirits are present
Synchronizing
In the groove; together
Tempo
Speed of piece
Ternary form
3 parts
Texture
Relationship of instruments in an ensemble
Thomas Mapfumo
Zimbabwean musician; sharp criticism of the government of President Robert Mugabe. He both created and made popular Chimurenga music and his slow-moving style and distinctive voice is instantly recognizable to Zimbabweans.
Throw Down Your Heart
Film about banjo in Africa
Timbre
Voice of an instrument
Touch the Sound
Evelyn Glenie: Deaf drummer
Vibrator
In every instrument to make a noise/sound
Zimbabwe
Country in Southern Africa
Daxophone
Ideophonic Hans Reichel Wood in an shape, with magnetic pickup, played with a violin bow
"Condon's Frolics/Eavesdropper"
Irish traditional dance tunes, played on the uilleann pipes Paddy Kennan Monophonic at beginning, and homophonic when guitar enters. AABB Jig 6/8 meter
Postal Workers in Ghana
West Africa Hand-canceling stamps Song creates a flow experience in which the work gets done in an entertaining and time flies by
"Homeless"
Ladysmith Black MAmbazon Album: Graceland Sung in Zulu and English Horror of the apartheid policy During the time of the Cultural Boycott
"Rabeza"
Tarika Sammy: Afro-Pop from Madagascar Bamboo tube zither (string) 2-beat against 3-beat rhythm
"Nyamausango"
Mbira, with hosho on the triplet Mbira is used in bira ceremonies which spirits are invited to possess a spirit medium
"Kwaedza Mu Zimbabwe"
Thomas Mapfumo Mbira to a contemporary urban guitar band format Nationalist Movement in 1970's

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