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The American national identity has been most strongly affected by common:
political beliefs.
Politics is described as the process that:
determines whose values will prevail in society.
Major patterns that characterize politics in the US does not include..
little or no confidence in capitalism.
The American political culture contains the following ideas.
liberty equality diversity unity self-government
Cultural beliefs are said to be "mythical ideas", which means that they are:
symbolic postures that reflect partly what is ideal and partly what is real
Political conflict within a nation is produced by what two social condition?
scarcity and opposing values
When compared with citizens in European democracies, Americans:
emphasize self-reliance and trust in the marketplace for security
The Americans ideal of equality of oppurtunity has been difficult to attain for all of the following
African Americans Americans of Chinese descent Native American Inidans women
The relatively low levels of spending on social welfare in the US most clearly reflects the American ideal of:
A major characteristic of American politics is pluralsim, which is:
competition for power among a great many interests of all kinds
When people are able to control policy decisiions and prevail in political conflicts they are said to have:
political power
Fragmentation of authority in American politics is illustrated by its:
system of checks and balances
The American commitment to the principle of constituionalism mean that:
there are limits to the rightful power of government over citizens
The two kidns of inputs in the political system are termed:
supports and demands
When socialist and capitalist elements of economies are combined it is called:
a mixed economy
John Locke maintained that a government, if originally put into place by legitimate means, never be reboked legitimately.
The case of Marbury vs. Madison established the power of the Supreme Court to decide the constitutionality of an act of Congress
In a parliamentary democracy, policy is made by direct referndum from the people since there is no legislature.
There is no provision in the U.S. Constitution for any form of direct popular participation in public policymaking, such as a na
The staggered terms of office for the House, Senate and president were devised by the writers of the Consitution in order to pro
The U.S. Constitution was an attempt to strike a balance between representatice government and limited government.
Over time the American national political system has become more responsice to popular majorities
Federal justices are the only national leaders who can serve for life unless they are impeached or have committed a crime.
Since presidential electors have been chosen on the basis of popular vote, there has not been a president elected who lost the p
Thomas Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" was based on rejection of the elite-centered politics fo President John Adams
Americans prefer for wealth to be allocated by government direction and control rather than through the marketplace.
Compared with European democracies, Americans show a weak commitment to equality and social welfare programs.
A major characteristic of the American political system is its extraordinary emphasis on individual rights.
The concept of constitutionalism allows for some restrictions to be put on the exercise of individual rights.
In the case of the United States, the most significant political link between past and present has been its devotion to free mar
In American society, political conflict can occur over scarcity of resources and access to a guaranteed minimum standard of livi
Equality of opportunity is not an important concept in the United States.
The United States has one of the most costly and elaborate sets of programs for the poor and disadvantaged of any of the industr
Unity is the principle that Americans should be free to act and think as they choose.
The United States has the world's most elite system of college education.
Locke's conception of inalienable rights and the legitimacy of the social contract found its most explicit statement in:
the Declaration of Independence
The principle of checks and balances is based on the notion that:
power must be used to offset power
In Federalist No.10, Madison warns against the dangers of:
As part of its power to "check" the courts, Congress has the constitutional authority to:
decide the # of Supreme Court justices decide the appellate jurisadiction of the Supreme Court impeach and remove federal judges
In practice, the most significant restraint imposed by Congress on the president is its:
power to make the laws and appropriate money
Which goals did the writers of the U.S. Constitution seek for government?
self-government limited government
Judged in the context of U.S. history, the most effective constitutional constraint on abuses of power is:
the separation of powers
The traditional objection to democratic government is the risk of:
tyranny of the majority
Under which principle are minority rights and interests protected by putting restraints on the majority:
Formation of the "grass-roots" political party meant that:
party politics would be based on participation at the local level by ordinary citizens
All of the following reforms were accomplished during the Progressive era except:
direct election of the president
Charles Beard's thesis about American government is that:
the Constitution was written to keep power in the hands of an elite
In arguing that representatives should use their own judgment in deciding how best to serve their constituencies, Edmund Burke s
Under the U.S. government under the Articles of Confederation:
the states were supreme in power over the national government
The effectiveness of separation of powers in the United States government is illustrated in your text by:
the Watergate affair in the Nixon administration
The "Great Compromise" called called for a Congress based on:
equal representation in one house and population-based representation in the other house.
Shays's Rebellion drew attention to:
the weakness of the national government under the Articles of Confederation
The writers of the Constitution established a federal system of government because:
the states already existed as sovereign entities
Modern day federalism requires the recognition of which of the two following countervailing trends:
long-term expansion of national authority
Which one of the following was not one of the results of the Republican Revolution of 1995:
eliminating the all grant programs to states
The Constitution allows the states to:
govern intrastate commerce
The purpose of the Tenth Amendment was to:
protect the states against national encroachment.
In McCulloch v. Maryland , the Supreme Court ruled:
in favor of national authority
The doctrine of "dual federalism" maintains that:
the national government and the states had authority over strictly defined and mutually exclusive domains of policy.
From the 1860s through the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court's rulings on the commerce clause tended to:
vigorously support big business at the expense of both national and state authority.
National authority has greatly expanded in the twentieth century primarily because:
the states and their citizens have become increasingly interdependent
Fiscal federalism refers to:
expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments
Major types of federal government assistance to states today include:
categorical grants block grants
Which one of the following is not a theory concerning the relationship between the power and authority of the states and the fed
Specific powers assigned to Congress by the Constitution are called:
enumerated powers
The term devolution is used to explain:
the current trend to shift authority from the federal government to state and local governments
A government is sovereign when it:
possesses ultimate governing authority over a certain geographical area
Federalism is the name given to a way to allocate power between the nation and the states.
The supremacy clause protects state power in providing that state law is supreme to conflicting national law.
The authority of the national government is specified by the Constitution's enumerated and implied powers. Authority not granted
In the McCulloch case, the meaning of the "necessary and proper" clause was tested over the issue of whether the national govern
In 1886, the Supreme Court ruled that corporations were "persons" under the Fourteenth Amendment and thus could protect their pr
In the twentieth century, the national government expanded its economic power, supported by its superior taxing powers and a bro
Block grants allow state and local officials to exercise discretion in the national government over the use of federal funds wit
Under the first national government based on the Articles of Confederation, the American national government was weak because th
Most countries in the world have a federalist type government similar to that of the United States.
One constitutional freedom not found in the First Amendment is the right to:
fair trial
The individual freedoms in the Bill of Rights were extended by the Fourteenth Amendment to include:
actions of state and local government
In the twentieth century, the limitations of freedom of political expression have been defined primarily in terms of:
national security
"Justice" in the U.S. criminal justice system is defined primarily in terms of whether:
the proper procedures for conviction have been followed
Publication of info known to be false and harmful to a reputation.
The legal interpretation of "obscenity" is based on:
both community and societal standards
A federal law requiring prayer in public schools would be struck down under the:
establishment clause
All except for which one of the following is considered to be a right of procedural due process?
the right to assembly
The right of privacy is:
infered from the content and spirit of rights formally declared in the Bill of Rights
Free expression can be denied to individuals if it:
endangers national security wrongly damages the reputation of others
All of the following are individual protections under the concept of procedural due process except for which one:
protection from prior restraint
Which one of the following is not a "test" applied by the Supreme Court to determine whether government action is lawful:
right to privacy
The term that refers primarily to procedures that authorities must follow before a person can legitimately be punished for an of
procedural due process
The Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona provided that:
police inform suspects of their rights at the time of arrest

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