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is the issue with russia and the ukraine a war?
no, but is voilent
what is in conflict b/w russia and ukraine?
ethnic groups
relevant actors for conflict in russia and ukraine
-russia(history/domestic politics) -ukraine(why list above ukraine) -NATO/USA(why list them together?) -Germany/EU (same actor?) -Poland/Baltic states
russia provides who with a lot of weapons
syria
who put sanctions on russia and why
usa/eu put sanctions on russia for crimea/ukraine
usa/eu put sanctions on russia for crimea/ukraine
no, because you need smart sanctions. you cant stop buying energy from russia bc ppl need energy. need "smart sanctions"
an effective sanction would
economically hurt russia
Political argument (sanction)
To protest/punish unacceptable political behaviors. Problems: can hurt ourselves more than them.
russian policy in ukraine effects
-venezuelan domestic politics (oil prices) -iranian nuclear program (oil prices; russia) -US space program/NASA -next dutch election(MH17)-ukraine shot down airline with dutch something in it -syrian civil war/ISIS (russia provides syria w lots of weapons..etc)
who is the prime minister of pakistan
Nawas Sharif
what does pakistan have that worries the US
nuclear weapons
pakistan is
fundamentalist
Pakistan
-has many ethnicities -history -conflict (india;afghanistan;US) -governance problems(1st ever civilian transfer of power was to sharif) -civil-military issues(army tosses out govt b/c dont like policies)
civil military affairs of pakistan
-when military is political actor, and ignores political (civilian) leadership) -in countries w less history of democracy
pakistan demographics
-fragile democracy -state since 1947 -muslim (Sunni) -if world is ever in nuclear war it would prob involve pakistan
detroits issue
-city that runs their own water supply -but when people don't pay for their water, they dont cut them off -now theyre in debt
globalization: why is detroit bankrupt?
changes in global economic problems
detroits water commision
-water as a human right -creative destruction
What type of problem is going on in Japan
-japans government shuffling around a bunch of cabinet officials --different types of democracies -economy is NOT doing well
why isnt japans economy doing well?
-GDP shrinking -exports and income down
who has been elected to solve japans economic problems
Shinzo Abe
wage stagflation
wages flat for pretty much everyone past few years
stagnant
stagflation
scotland deals with issues of
-globalization/size
what was scotland voting for
independence from the UK
why do they want to be independent?
-practical voting patterns ----tend to vote labour(democratic) party which UK is more conservative
issue of nationalism in scotland
-nation vs. state -people seeking self governance
what is foreign exchange
when people buy/sell (trade) currencies from different countries
two systems of foreign exchange
fixed or floating
fixed
-easier to describe but harder to do -(for every pound there is one american dollar 1:1 ratio) -government decides
floating
-harder to describe, easier to do -scarier for smaller countries -market decides price of currency
link between scotland and globalization
-is the canary in the coal mine -other regions expressed interest in becoming independent now (trigger)
globalization definition
-process by which global economic forces are drawing the world into one global economy -non-economic effects of economic activity (effects on politics, society, security, environment....)
globalization: mechanism
underlying economic logic
strong currencies (globalization)
-good for people buying imported beer, not good for people buying beer made in US -irrelevant for everyone else
weak currency (globalization)
great for people buying things in US, not good for imported things
what is necessary for globalization to function efficiently
-free trade
ISIS is a ______ problem not a ________ problem
political, not military
states involved in Syria/Iraq/ISIS
-iraq,syria -iran -saudi arabia -turkey -us -russia -isreal -NATO/UN
Non-states involved in ISIS
-ethnic groups in iraq -Assad Government (head of syria) -rebel groups in syria -ISIS, al-qaeda -sunni fundamentalists in saudi arabia
ISIS and al-qaeda are both
sunni groups in iraq
groups in iraq
sunni (20%) kurds shiite
ISIS is a rebel group fighting against
assad govt
precipitating events to isis
syrian civil war and us withdrawal from iraq -earlier-us invasion of arab spring
in order to fight isis, what must america do?
build up iraqi government, which could potentially hurt us in the future
what 2 groups is ISIS actually?
-fundamentalist sunni terrorists -anti-shiite Iraqis -------not necessarily united
US's dilemma w ISIS/Syria
-helping rebels(get rid of Assad) helps ISIS -Fighting ISIS helps Assad -doing nothing helps ISIS grow
mechanism- what is globalization?
-liberal economics -capitalism at the international level "laissex faire" -b/w sovereign states
comparative advantage
-idea that individual states have some intrinsic advantage over other states and if each state found what they do better than others and do it, everyone benefits
how do you know what your comparative advantage is?
-global market -walmart example
why do we care about globalization
-morality -security -economics
what is free trade
movement of goods and services across international borders without change in price
protection
protecting home market from foreign competition
why would states tax foreign goods, even if it would make them more expensive/distort markets?
politics: national security and domestic politics
non taxes:
change price on foreign made good
non taxes factors
-quotas -subsidies -regulations
subsidies
-ways govt gets involved with marketplace- actually changes prive -govt is actually paying for part of manufactured good
regulations
-good for political reasons -(govt set rules- vary from market to market -have direct effect of marketplace
liberal economics (the systems) only works if
-trade is free -if states put up barriers, then system becomes inefficient and process arise
all states have
NTBs- non-tariff barriers
NTBs are a part of
domestic politics
globalization is more about ______ than ______
political issues rather than economic
things you need for economic system to work
-comparative advantage -specialization -free trade
globalization is one word
interdependence
capitalism does disrupt
-politics -society -culture
arguments on effect polarity has on war and stability
1.multipolarity causes war 2.multipolarity causes peace 3.bipolarity causes war 4.bipolarity causes peace
multipolarity causes war
lots of powerful states, lots of interactions, alliances form, war happens EX: WWI
multipolarity causes peace
lots of states mean lots of alliance combinations, so easier to balance EX: concert of europe 1814-1900
bipolarity causes war
fixed "sides" focus misunderstanding and hostility, easy to create conflict EX: cold war
bipolarity causes peace
clear sides, clear for other states to act to balance the two sides EX also cold war
why do states want hegemons? (china)
-being big means you worry less about people invading -their military has grown as economy has: big states=big military -china perceives a direct military threat to them BY the usa
most of theorists on great powers are
realists
offensive realism
-big powers always get into conflict -close in proximity-must fight for their own security
historical proof of offensive realism
-all wars in europe and cold war didn turn into a war
defensive realism
technology has effect -when technology has effect you see more wars bw great powers -when technology gives advcantage to defense, (easier to protect than to invade) you see more peace)
historical proof of defensive realism
castles and nuclear weapons (defensive) kept the peace; mass armies, tank, artillery,(offensive) led to war
how much of the worls GNP comes from china?
20%
two level games (basic info)
-international -domestic -have to agree on both levels
economic costs: global climate change
-people like to live near water -less arable land -health costs -ex: drought in cali-more wildfires
security threat: global climate change
-movement of people -potential conflict over land -potential conflict over water
-economic benefits/costs-winners and losers (liberals)
---denser cities/better infrastructure ---less particulate emissions/better health ---increased efficiency
what liberals say: global climate change
-montreal protocol -economic benefits/costs-winners and losers -wait longer, costs of changing increases -large incentive for defection
chances of a response (realist): global climate change
-kyoto protocol(us didnt ratify) -no firm commitments -no immediate threat -chance of long term cooperation is low -high upfront costs,long term payoff -if u make reforms and other states dont your relative power declines
climate change at the international level
-diverse states need to make credible commitments -need assurances will be able to commit at domestic level
climate change at the domestic level
-winners and losers -need public support -need support of business
where is ebola outbreak
-west africa ---guinea ---sierra lione/liberia ---nigeria/senegal
realist chances of a response (ebola)
-concrete and immediate threat, even realist may say there is cooperation security threat- liberias stability, economic damage -states w resources are less threatened -greater chance of repsonse than climate change
liberals chances of a response (ebola)
-polio -concrete and immediate threat -potential cost of inaction is high -still have problem of defection -states w resources to deal w threat are far -WHO (branch of UN)
pros of globalization
-if everyone trades, everyone gets rich -non-economic benefits -better economics bc of creative destruction -markets work -states have "won" in globalization by having stability, institutions, and structural reform
pros of globalization (summary)
-innovation -productivity -standards of living improve(as prices fall) -superior economic performance rewards certain ideologies and political organizations with survival -peace
cons of globalization
-economic displacement(specialization)-who pays -since labor cant move-forces down wages -economic development -convergence -diff norms -all states economic practices must look alike -govt policy options reduced
terrorism definition
use of force by a non-state actor against civilians in order to get policy change by govt of those civilians
do states do terrorism?
no
can states use terrorist tactics on their own people?
yes
war: state vs. state
recognize political entity using uniformed militaries to seek political change -war is part of political process
civil war/revolution
-violence bw state and own population -insurgency attacks elements of the states itself rather than population which is terrorism
political objectives of al-qaeda
1.west out of arabia 2.want isreal out of jerusalem 3.non-arab cultures out of all islamic areas
us is primary source of
-west in arabia -non arab culture in islamic areas
al qaeda moved from hierarchical organization to
network- hubs of people
since death of bin laden, networking system moved to
franchise system -local/domestic claim allegiance to al-qaeda
tragedy of the commons
resources tend to be owned by individual states, but costs are shared by everyone -pollution goes everywhere -fish stocks arent allowed by single state -global warming
libyans issue w legitimacy
-how to implement govt after revolution?? cannot agree
two basic democracy systems
parliamentary -presidential
parliament and presidential systems have different ways to
translate voting into political authority
us presidential systems
-clear districts for each congressman -whoever wins district represents those ppl
presidential is a _________________ system
winner-takes-all
how does parliament distribute political authority
according to percentage votes that each party gets -if party gets 30% votes they get 30% of seats in legislature
effects of parliamentary systems
-creates systems w lots of parties -tends to raise election turnout -tends to result in coalition govt -have single election -vote for party you want to see run country
prime ministers vs presidents
-presidents dont need their party (but do need party to pass legislation) -prime minister need their party (they can be removed any time party wants to remove them)
who are more public with their speeches?
presidents
you can have parlimentary systems that:
-have no districts(whole country=district) -has districts -has both a district (winner take all) and a whole-country percentage vote by party system(germany)
USA highlights two districts:
congressional and state
Political coalition
A group of interests or organizations that join forces for the purpose of electing public officials
Hollande is a ________ and believes
-french socialist=believe in bog gov and markets have too much power and need to be controlled
Valls wants to
increase competitiveness: -make it easier to hire/fire workers -reduce bureaucracy in companies -companies dont have to pay as high on taxes on overtime work as they used to
valls and hollande trying to increase_________ but this means
-economic growth -difficulties for french workers
argentina's prob opposite than france:
-high inflation(40%) -declining currency
political coercion
the use of force, violence,and other elements of harm compel actors to submit to the will of other actors. ex. military, schools, workplace, hospitals, and construction sites

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