Law and Policies in the United States (9 pages)

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Law and Policies in the United States

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Paper comparing the various philosophies of Francis Fukuyama, Nick Bostrom, and Dominique Janicaud regarding the regulation of biotechnologies


Pages:
9
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2716

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The United States is a highly litigious society whose infrastructure relies on the implementation and enforcement of laws and policies which simultaneously enfeeble and protect citizens Thus any new technology that could allow its possessor to gain power whether through harming or helping himself or others is heavily regulated and restricted to ensure the government s stability Rapidly evolving biotechnologies pose a serious threat to this balance of power and its resultant unified society Bioconservatives fear that through the use of these biotechnologies humans will evolve into a posthuman race and violence will erupt between the enhanced and natural Conversely transhumanists embrace new technologies as a way of improving the human condition Philosophers such as Francis Fukuyama Nick Bostrom and Dominique Janicaud have proposed various systems for regulating these technologies Francis Fukuyama a bioconservative supports the natural rights argument that individual rights and moral behavior are based on the existence of a uniform human nature and our compliance to obey its limitations In his novel Our Posthuman Future he instructs man to defer to nature and leave human nature intact or we may engineer ourselves into a posthuman state without human dignity He also warns that we cannot trust biotech businesses to regulate themselves because they are more concerned in potential profit than ethical considerations The solution to preserving humanity then lies in political democracy and must be implemented on a global scale to be successful New legal institutions must be established that are able to issue the necessary regulations These regulations must apply to all not only federally funded biotechnology research Genetic engineered therapies are permissible but enhancements such as human cloning and designer babies are to be banned entirely Fukuyama suggests beginning at a national level then engaging in international diplomacy Fukuyama 2002 CUID C84063780 MWF 1 25 2 15



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