SMBayGame (30 pages)

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SMBayGame



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The Santa Monica Bay Game Santa Monica Bay watershed map used with permission from Heal the Bay The Santa Monica Bay Game Presented by COSEE West a Center for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence Supported by National Science Foundation awards OCE 0215497 USC and OCE 0215506 UCLA Based on an adaptation by Scott Sperber Sherman Oaks Center for Enriched Studies of the Boundary Bay Bountiful Bay game FOR SEA Institute of Marine Science Indianola WA www forsea org Santa Monica Bay Watershed map courtesy of Heal the Bay www healthebay org 4 6 player version developed by John Adams Middle School 2005 2006 QuikSCience Challenge Team Revised by Brigitte Steinmetz John Adams Middle School Santa Monica Malibu Unified School District and Peggy Hamner COSEE West UCLA SANTA MONICA BAY GAME TABLE OF CONTENTS Each section in table of contents is linked to its page INTRODUCTION 1 KEY CONCEPTS 1 CALIFORNIA SCIENCE CONTENT STANDARDS MET 1 OCEAN LITERACY PRINCIPLES MET 1 PLAYING THE GAME 2 MATERIALS 3 SETUP 4 LESSON PROCEDURE 6 SANTA MONICA BAY GAME MATERIALS PLAYING RULES 8 THE SANTA MONICA BAY GAME STUDENT HANDOUT 9 ROLE PLAYING CARDS 11 SECCHI DISK TEMPLATE 22 SANTA MONICA BAY GAME VOCABULARY BANK 23 ENLARGED SANTA MONICA BAY MAP 24 INTRODUCTION The Santa Monica Bay Game employs an interactive format that has been used successfully to call attention to water quality issues of watersheds around Santa Monica Bay Although Santa Monica Bay is saltwater the problems experienced in freshwater drainages in this game demonstrate the connection between land and sea and freshwater bodies and saltwater bodies and put watershed issues into a larger perspective People s actions often affect more than their local neighborhood Impacts flow downstream and accumulate ultimately reaching the bays and coastal marine habitats In the Santa Monica Bay Game students participate in a simulation in which they assume roles of individuals who like us all use and have an impact on our watershed The students take actions appropriate to their roles which alter the water quality in various local waterbodies such as creeks and rivers or the bay itself The smaller waterbodies are represented by water filled cups placed in the appropriate locations on a large map of southern California and a 10 gallon aquarium filled with water represents Santa Monica Bay Over the course of the game the water quality will inevitably change clearly illustrating the impact each of us has on our water resources KEY CONCEPTS 1 Each person constantly makes decisions that affect the condition of our watershed 2 Sometimes our decisions have consequences that we can t foresee when we make them Often an innocent person and the environment suffers the consequences 3 Our economy frequently rewards actions that bring short term gain instead of rewarding behaviors that are in everyone s best interest over the long term CALIFORNIA SCIENCE CONTENT STANDARDS MET Grade 3 1 a b 3a b c d I E 5a d e Grade 4 2a b c 3a b 5a c I E 6 a c f Grade 5 3a d e I E 6 b c d Grade 6 6a b 7a d e g h 5a b c 2d 2a b I E 7a d e h High School Biological Sciences 6a b c d e g 7a b c d 8a b e I E 1 c d f g OCEAN LITERACY PRINCIPLES MET 4 The ocean makes Earth habitable 5 The ocean supports a great diversity of life and ecosystems 6 The ocean and humans are inextricably linked 1 PLAYING THE GAME During the course of the game contaminants will be introduced into Santa Monica Bay and its tributaries Contaminants will include food coloring dirt siltation confetti trash a solution of ammonia and water an invisible contaminant that changes the water s pH and Tootsie Rolls fecal waste At several points in the game students must test the water quality in Santa Monica Bay Three different water quality tests will be used in the game Compare a water sample to a pre mixed color standard When the water sample is darker than the standard the sample is considered to be contaminated Lower a Secchi disk from the surface and record the depth at which it is no longer visible A Secchi disk is a standard piece of water quality equipment used for measuring the turbidity or cloudiness of the water Directions on how to make a Secchi disk will be given later Test the pH of the water with litmus paper As the ammonia solution is added the pH will rise in Santa Monica Bay For the purposes of the game it is not necessary that students understand the meaning of pH This test is used strictly as a convenient way to sample an invisible contaminant Some students will have the opportunity to try catching fish They will find that as Santa Monica Bay s water becomes darker catching fish on the bottom becomes much more difficult The game includes cards describing 33 different roles The game can be played in one of two ways 1 By the entire class in which each student is responsible for 1 role card You may create additional roles if you have more than 33 students playing the game together 2 In cooperative learning groups of 4 6 in which students divide up the role cards among themselves The Santa Monica Bay Game is both whimsical and serious Do not worry if your students take the game lightly as it is played Its message will be clear no matter what choices are made and regardless of the spirit in which it is played After playing the Santa Monica Bay Game students may want to use the same format of role playing to create another game that highlights water quality issues in their local area 2 MATERIALS For each group of students either 1 set for the whole class to play together or 1 set for each group of 4 to 6 students 1 SM Bay Map 11 Clear plastic cup labeled San Gabriel River L A River Verdugo Wash Sepulveda Basin Whittier Narrows Basin Big Dalton Creek Rio Hondo San Jose Creek Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek and Malibu Creek 1 5 10 gallon container represents Santa Monica Bay 10 Plastic fish 1 Dropper bottle of food coloring or use small container with eye dropper for dispensing colored contaminant 1 Cup labeled Water Quality Standard that is filled with water and contains 1 drop of food coloring 1 Cup labeled Water Sample this should be the same kind of cup as used for Water Quality Standard to be filled and used during game play 1 Dropper bottle or use small container with eye dropper for dispensing of clear contaminant 5 solution of ammonia 1 Container filled with dirt 1 Container filled with confetti 1 Secchi Disk 1 Fishing Pole 1 set of role playing cards Amount Varies 10 pieces per student Bags of candy money Amount


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