TAMU SOCI 205 - Classical Theorists (2 pages)

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Classical Theorists



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Classical Theorists

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Continuation of introduction to sociology


Lecture number:
3
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Soci 205 - Intro To Sociology

Unformatted text preview:

SOCI 205 1nd Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture I What is sociology II Sociological perspective III Origins of sociology Outline of Current Lecture II Founders III Early American sociologists IV Theoretical perspectives Current Lecture Classical Theorists o August Comte positivism society is better understood by determining the logic or scientific laws governing human behavior Humans go through stages of ways of thought Theological society is a result of divine will Metaphysical saw human kind s behavior as governed by natural biological instincts Scientific we develop social physics in order to identify scientific laws that govern human behavior o Hariette Martineu one of the earliest feminist social scientists o Karl Marx founding father of sociology Historical materialism elaborated theories on what drives history Conflicts between classes drive social change History is an account of man s struggle to gain control of his natural environment o Max Weber suggested approaching social behavior from the perspective of those engaging in it Understand the meanings people attach to their actions o Emile Durkheim division of labor determines how social cohesion is maintained Anomie a sense of aimlessness or despair that arises when we no longer expect life to be predictable normlessness Positivist sociology social world can be described and predited by certain describable relationships These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Georg Simmel formal sociology pure numbers Theoretical Perspectives o Functionalism theory that various social institutions and processes in society exist to serve some important function to keep society running Best way to analyze society is to identify the roles that different aspects or phenomena play Society is a living organism each part serving an important role in keeping society together o Conflict theory idea that conflict



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