New version page

UNM CMPE 310 - Orcad Layout Plus Tutorial

This preview shows page 1-2-3-4-5 out of 14 pages.

View Full Document
View Full Document

End of preview. Want to read all 14 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a GradeBuddy member to access this document.

View Full Document
Unformatted text preview:

CMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 1Orcad Layout Plus Tutorial Layout Plus is a circuit board layout tool that accepts a layout-compatible circuit netlist (ex. from Capture CIS) and generates an output layout files that suitable for PCB fabrication. This tutorial is the second part of PCB project tutorial. Before start with Layout Plus, you need to have a complete netlist of your design, if you do not have it yet, please read the first part on “Capture CIS Tutorial”. Simple steps in producing PCB layout involve importing netlist, placing components, routing and generating output files and reports. For more information about Layout Plus, please refer to Layout Help (From Layout Plus menu, go to Help Æ Layout Help) Opening Layout Plus and Creating New Design To open Layout Plus, from Windows Start Menu, select Program Æ Cadence PSD 15.0 Æ Layout Plus. Go to File Æ New to create a new design. You will see the dialog as shown in figure 1. Enter the default technology template located on C:\Cadence\PSD_15.0\tools\layout_plus\data\_default.tch in “Input Layout TCH” textbox. Enter the netlist (generated from Capture CIS) of your design in “Input MNL” textbox. And then enter the location and file name that you want the design file to be saved in “Output Layout” textbox. (You might want to save it on your network drive if you’re running Capture CIS in campus’s laboratory). Layout Plus will give the output layout file name as same as the input netlist file by default. If you change the output file, do not change the output file extension (.max). Then click Apply ECO. Layout Plus will display the dialog shown in figure 2 after you apply ECO. In case of footprint linking error (missing footprints on some components), you will need toCMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 2give the footprints to all missing components to complete AutoECO. (As explained in Capture CIS tutorial, it is better to specify footprints to all parts during schematic creation.) Hit “Accept this ECO” to import the netlist into Layout Plus. Figure3 shows the Layout Plus window after importing a netlist. Figure 1: New Design DialogCMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 3 Figure 2: Dialog after applied ECO More info: - ECO (Engineering Change Order) is Layout Plus command that provide an ability to forward and back annotate your design flow. The forward annotate let you forward the change of your netlist (ex., from Capture CIS schematic) to the PCB. The back annotate just do the opposite, export the change of your design in PCB back to the schematic. - You can set different options for AutoECO, the tool will update particular properties of the design according to the setting. - Technology template (we are using _default.tch in this tutorial) contains information regarding layout design such as board layers, spacing, track widths, design rules, etc. Creating your own template is helpful in making a number of designs with the same set of rules and settings however it is out of this tutorial’s scope.CMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 4 Figure 3: Layout Plus Window after importing netlist Setting Design Environment To set the design environment (display unit, grids, rotation, snap) go to Options Æ System Settings. Modify the setting that suitable for your design. Figure 4 shows the system setting dialog. Next, you will need to define the layer stack for your design, go to View Æ Database Spreadsheets Æ Layers. From here, specify layer type and mirror layer (usually the most outer layers, TOP and BOTTOM, are the mirror layers of each other). An example of layer stack for 4-layer board design (TOP, BOTTOM, POWER and GND) with POWER and GND layers as power and ground plans and TOP and BOTTOM as routing layers is shown in figure 5.CMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 5 Figure 4: System Settings After modify layer stack, you will need to specify routing spacing (Options Æ Global Spacing), you can modify track-to-track, track-to-via, track-to-pad, via-to-via, via-to-pad, and pad-to-pad spacing according to the capabilities of preferred PCB manufacturer. (for example, www.pcbexpress.com ). Figure 6 shows all routing spacing set to 6 mil. There are many other parameters that you can set and should be carefully checked with the recommended parameters from PCB manufacturer (drill sizes, padstacks, minimum track width, etc.) In this tutorial we will use all default parameter values. If you plan to fabricate your boards, please consult the PCB manufacturer. More info: - Mil unit is commonly used in PCB footprint and PCB board design. - 1 mill = 0.001 inchCMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 6 Figure 5: 4-layer board with power and ground planes setting Figure 6: Routing SpacingCMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 7Tips: - Easy access to various designs setting by clicking on button on the toolbar. - Easier to work on your design by Disable Online DRC by clicking on button on the toolbar Creating Board Outline Board Outline is the outline for all components and net routings of your PCB. To create board outline, click on Obstacle Tool on the toolbar or go to Tool Æ Obstacle Æ Select Tool. Then double click on one corner point you want to make an outline, the Edit Obstacle dialog will popup, set obstacle type to “Board Outline” and obstacle layer to “Global Layer” as shown in figure 7. Figure 7: Edit Obstacle for Board OutlineCMPE 310 Fall 2006 Layout Plus Tutorial Ekarat Laohavaleeson Univerisity of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) 8 Click OK and then draw your board outline as shown in figure 8. You will need to click on four corners of the obstacle, and then press ESC or left click and select “End Command”. Figure 8: Board Outline Obstacle Tips: - Press “I” for zoom-in and “O” for zoom-out, the center of zooming is the position of the mouse. These shortcuts make it’s very easy to work on your


View Full Document
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Orcad Layout Plus Tutorial and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Orcad Layout Plus Tutorial and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?