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On Becoming a Counselor

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On Becoming a CounselorTo every therapy session we bring our human qualities and the experiences that have influenced us.The Role of Values in CounselingThe Rule of Values in CounselingWho should establish the goals of counseling?Where does a counselor begin to develop therapeutic goal?Incorporating Culture Into Counseling PracticeIt is more often by differences than by similarities that we are challenged to look at what we are doing.Multicultural GuidelinesIssues Faced by Beginning CounselorBasic Parts of a TheoryOn Becoming a CounselorOn Becoming a Counselor““One of the most important instruments One of the most important instruments you will have to work with as a you will have to work with as a counselor is yourself as a person.”counselor is yourself as a person.”G. Corey, 2005G. Corey, 2005To every therapy session To every therapy session we bring our human qualities we bring our human qualities and the experiences that have influenced us.and the experiences that have influenced us.The Role of Values in CounselingThe Role of Values in CounselingA core issue is the degree to which counselor’s A core issue is the degree to which counselor’s values should enter into a therapeutic relationship.values should enter into a therapeutic relationship.Counselors should guard against the tendency to Counselors should guard against the tendency to assume either of two extreme positionsassume either of two extreme positionsAt one extreme, counselors hold definite absolute beliefs, At one extreme, counselors hold definite absolute beliefs, and see it as their job to exert influence on clients to and see it as their job to exert influence on clients to adopt their valuesadopt their values..At the other extreme are counselors who maintain that At the other extreme are counselors who maintain that they should keep their values out of their work, and that they should keep their values out of their work, and that the ideal is to strive for value free counseling.the ideal is to strive for value free counseling.The Rule of Values in CounselingThe Rule of Values in CounselingBecause counseling is a process that Because counseling is a process that teaches clients how to deal with their teaches clients how to deal with their problems and find their own solutions problems and find their own solutions based on their value system, it is based on their value system, it is essential that the counselor not essential that the counselor not short-circuit a client’s exploration.short-circuit a client’s exploration.Who should establish the goals of Who should establish the goals of counseling?counseling?Where does a counselor begin to Where does a counselor begin to develop therapeutic goal?develop therapeutic goal?The client and a counselor need to explore The client and a counselor need to explore what they hope to obtain from the counseling what they hope to obtain from the counseling relationship, whether they can work with each relationship, whether they can work with each other, and whether their goals are compatible.other, and whether their goals are compatible.What you expect from counseling?What you expect from counseling?Why are you here? Why are you here? What do you hope to leave with? What do you hope to leave with? What aspects of yourself or your life situation, What aspects of yourself or your life situation, would you most like to change?would you most like to change?Incorporating Culture Into Incorporating Culture Into Counseling PracticeCounseling PracticeSuspends preconceptions about client’s race, and/or ethnicity and that Suspends preconceptions about client’s race, and/or ethnicity and that their family members.their family members.Engage clients in conversations about race and ethnicity to avoid Engage clients in conversations about race and ethnicity to avoid stereotyping and making faulty assumptions.stereotyping and making faulty assumptions.Address how race and ethnic differences between therapist and client Address how race and ethnic differences between therapist and client might affect the therapy process.might affect the therapy process.Acknowledge that power, privilege, and racism can affect interactions with Acknowledge that power, privilege, and racism can affect interactions with clients.clients.Recognize that the more comfortable therapists are with conversations Recognize that the more comfortable therapists are with conversations about race and ethnicity, the more easily they can respond appropriately to about race and ethnicity, the more easily they can respond appropriately to clients who may be uncomfortable with such discussions.clients who may be uncomfortable with such discussions.Be open to ongoing learning about cultural factors, and how they affect Be open to ongoing learning about cultural factors, and how they affect therapeutic work.therapeutic work.It is more often by differences than by It is more often by differences than by similarities that we are challenged to look at similarities that we are challenged to look at what we are doing.what we are doing.Multicultural GuidelinesMulticultural GuidelinesLearn more about how your own cultural background has influenced Learn more about how your own cultural background has influenced your thinking and behaving.your thinking and behaving.Identify your basic assumptions, especially as they apply to diversity Identify your basic assumptions, especially as they apply to diversity in culture, ethnicity, race, gender, class, religion, and sexual in culture, ethnicity, race, gender, class, religion, and sexual orientation.orientation.Examine where you obtain your knowledge about culture.Examine where you obtain your knowledge about culture.Learn to pay attention to common ground that exists among people of Learn to pay attention to common ground that exists among people of diverse backgrounds.diverse backgrounds.Spend time preparing clients for counseling.Spend time preparing clients for counseling.Be flexible in applying the methods you use with clients.Be flexible in applying the methods you use with clients.Remember that practicing from a multicultural perspective can make Remember that practicing from a multicultural perspective can make your job easier, and can be rewarding for both you and your clients.your job easier, and can be rewarding for both you and your clients.Issues Faced by Beginning CounselorIssues Faced by


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