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Research Presentation Airbus A380

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Does the Airbus A380 have the best efficiency for future long distance air travel?Statistics of the A380Statistics cont.Slide 4VideoEfficiency of the planeAirbus A380 vs. Boeing 747Airbus A380 vs. Boeing 747 cont.Social ImpactPublic Review: ProsPublic Review: Cons“So what”ReferencesDoes the Airbus A380 have the best Does the Airbus A380 have the best efficiency for future long distance air efficiency for future long distance air travel?travel?Mercer University School of EngineeringMercer University School of EngineeringProfessional Practices, Dr. DavisProfessional Practices, Dr. DavisJ. DunlopJ. DunlopPhoto courtesy AirbusStatistics of the A380Statistics of the A380The plane is 239.5 feet long, 79 The plane is 239.5 feet long, 79 feet tall, and has a wing span feet tall, and has a wing span of 261.8 feet.of 261.8 feet.The Airbus A380 has two The Airbus A380 has two passenger decks that can hold passenger decks that can hold a maximum of 840 passengers a maximum of 840 passengers when configured to a single when configured to a single economy class.economy class.The plane is usually configured to The plane is usually configured to have a first class, a business have a first class, a business class, and an economy class. class, and an economy class. With this configuration the With this configuration the plane can hold 555 passengers.plane can hold 555 passengers.Statistics cont.Statistics cont.Engines: Four 302 to 374kN (68,000 to 84,000 pounds of thrust) Rolls Engines: Four 302 to 374kN (68,000 to 84,000 pounds of thrust) Rolls Royce Trent 900 or 363kN (81,500 pounds of thrust) Engine Alliance Royce Trent 900 or 363kN (81,500 pounds of thrust) Engine Alliance (General Electric-Pratt & Whitney) GP-7200 turbofans. Special (General Electric-Pratt & Whitney) GP-7200 turbofans. Special dampeners reduce the noise produced by the engines.dampeners reduce the noise produced by the engines.Wings: They are Manufactured in one length, which decreases Wings: They are Manufactured in one length, which decreases component weight. Creep forming reduces the amount of stress on component weight. Creep forming reduces the amount of stress on the wings. They are sculpted with a cross-section that changes shape the wings. They are sculpted with a cross-section that changes shape from one side to the other which promotes maximum efficiency.from one side to the other which promotes maximum efficiency.With the four engines the plane has a maximum cruising speed of M With the four engines the plane has a maximum cruising speed of M 0.88 while the long range cruising speed is M 0.85.0.88 while the long range cruising speed is M 0.85.The plane has a range of 8,000 nautical miles.The plane has a range of 8,000 nautical miles.Courtesy JohanStatistics cont.Statistics cont.Fuselage: Roughly 25 percent of the fuselage is constructed of light Fuselage: Roughly 25 percent of the fuselage is constructed of light weight materials, including titanium and carbon-fiber, which allow for weight materials, including titanium and carbon-fiber, which allow for the plane to be lighter than if it were constructed out of the typical the plane to be lighter than if it were constructed out of the typical steel.steel.The Airbus A380 has a maximum take off capacity of 1,234,600 pounds The Airbus A380 has a maximum take off capacity of 1,234,600 pounds and operates empty at 610,700 pounds.and operates empty at 610,700 pounds.The preferred altitude for maximum efficiency is 43,000 feet above sea The preferred altitude for maximum efficiency is 43,000 feet above sea level.level.The Airbus A380 provides a 15 to 20 percent decrease in per-passenger The Airbus A380 provides a 15 to 20 percent decrease in per-passenger operating costs.operating costs.Also the plane has numerous backup systems which allow for minimal Also the plane has numerous backup systems which allow for minimal mechanical failure.mechanical failure.Courtesy AirbusVideoVideoAirbus A380 Promotional VideoAirbus A380 Promotional VideoEfficiency of the planeEfficiency of the planeSince the Airbus A380 can carry 555 passengers in its three-class Since the Airbus A380 can carry 555 passengers in its three-class configuration, it burns 17 percent less fuel per passenger than a configuration, it burns 17 percent less fuel per passenger than a Boeing 747 (used in comparison with the A380), which can only carry Boeing 747 (used in comparison with the A380), which can only carry 416 passengers.416 passengers.The engines used for the Airbus A380 are high-efficiency engines, which The engines used for the Airbus A380 are high-efficiency engines, which use updated technology to better fuel efficiency and minimize effects use updated technology to better fuel efficiency and minimize effects on the environment. The special dampeners used on the engines on the environment. The special dampeners used on the engines reduce the output noise of the engines to about half that of other reduce the output noise of the engines to about half that of other jumbo jets.jumbo jets.Production of the Airbus is also very efficient. Airbus uses new, cleaner Production of the Airbus is also very efficient. Airbus uses new, cleaner technologies that have less impact on the environment. technologies that have less impact on the environment. Courtesy Flug RevueAirbus A380 vs. Boeing 747Airbus A380 vs. Boeing 747Airbus A380Airbus A380Boeing 747Boeing 747WingspanWingspan261’ 10”261’ 10”211’ 5”211’ 5”LengthLength239’ 6”239’ 6”231’ 10”231’ 10”HeightHeight79’79’63’ 8”63’ 8”Weight: EmptyWeight: Empty610,700 pounds610,700 pounds393,263 pounds393,263 poundsWeight: Maximum Weight: Maximum takeofftakeoff1,234,600 pounds1,234,600 pounds875,000 pounds875,000 poundsCrewCrew2222Passengers (three-Passengers (three-class configuration)class configuration)555555416416Seating configurationSeating configurationTwo decks, two aisles Two decks, two aisles per deckper deckTwo decks, two aisles Two decks, two aisles on the main deckon the main deckRangeRange8,000 nm8,000 nm7,260 nm7,260 nmAirbus A380 vs. Boeing 747 cont.Airbus A380 vs. Boeing 747 cont.Airbus A380Airbus A380Boeing 747Boeing 747Service ceilingService ceiling43,000 feet43,000 feet41,000 feet41,000 feetTop cruising speedTop cruising speedMach 0.88Mach 0.88Mach 0.92Mach 0.92Long-distance cruising Long-distance cruising speedspeedMach 0.85Mach 0.85Mach 0.85Mach 0.85EngineEngine4 Rolls-Royce Trent 4 Rolls-Royce Trent


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