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Aging 1 4 16 2009 Did you know z Vast majority of people in middle age Face no chronic health difficulties Fewer accidents and infections 4 16 2009 2 4 16 2009 3 Table 7 1 continued 4 16 2009 4 Gender Differences z During middle age women experience more non life threatening illnesses than men but men experience more serious illnesses Women smoke less drink less alcohol have less dangerous jobs z Medical research has typically studied diseases of men with all male samples the medical community is only now beginning to study women s health issues 5 4 16 2009 Stress in Middle Adulthood z According to psychoneuroimmunologists who study the relationship between the brain the immune system and psychological factors stress has THREE specific consequences for health Direct physiological outcomes e g increased blood pressure and hormonal activity Harmful behaviors Indirect health related behaviors 4 16 2009 6 What are the consequences of stress in middle adulthood 7 4 16 2009 Coronary Heart Disease z More men die in middle age of diseases of the heart and circulatory system than any other cause Both genetic and experiential characteristics are involved z z z Cigarette smoking High fat and cholesterol in diet Lack of physical exercise Heart disease runs in families Men are more likely to suffer than women and risks increase with age 4 16 2009 8 TYPE A BEHAVIOR PATTERN z Characterized by Competitiveness impatience and a tendency toward frustration and hostility are more susceptible to heart disease z Evidence is only correlational so cannot say Type A behavior causes heart disease 9 4 16 2009 TYPE B BEHAVIOR PATTERN z Characterized by Non competitiveness patience and a lack of aggression z 4 16 2009 Evidence that Type B people have less than half the risk of coronary disease that Type A people have 10 The Threat of Cancer z Cancer is associated with genetic and environmental risks Poor nutrition smoking alcohol use exposure to sunlight exposure to radiation and particular



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