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Tri-sector Governance



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6th Global Forum for Reinventing Government Seoul May 24 27 2005 Tri sector Governance From Hierarchical Government to Co Produced Governance Gowher Rizvi Ash Institute for Democratic Governance Innovation Harvard University The simple recognition that government and governance are not the same thing although now obvious and commonplace has enabled us to shake out of the intellectual straight jacket and has helped to alter the parameters of our discourse on governance We now recognize that governance of the society is much larger than the government and that governance is not the exclusive preserve of the government Governance consists of both the processes and the institutions that manage and control the will and the collective affairs of the society At its broadest governance includes the activities of the institutions of the government the civil society and the market They may include organizations like religious establishments and houses of worship the nongovernmental organization NGO private and commercial firms working for profit the networks and associations the trade unions and so forth These organizations all function within the laws laid down by the government sometimes in collaboration with and at other times independently of the government and not infrequently even against the government The pre eminence of government is not challenged It is only the government that can act with legitimate authority exercise coercive powers and can create formal obligations for its citizens In retrospect it might be argued that what was seen as a radical re conceptualization of the role scope and function of the government had already begun to happen on the ground long before the academics and reformers picked up the idea Two compelling factors had already forced many of the functions of the government to be transferred to the nongovernmental agencies the religion based organizations the civil society organizations and the market In the first place the governments faced



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