CSU HIST 100 - Early Middle Ages/ High middle Ages (part 1) (4 pages)

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Early Middle Ages/ High middle Ages (part 1)



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Early Middle Ages/ High middle Ages (part 1)

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Islamic Factions o Caliph o Sunni o Shi’a o Mathematics o Architecture o Carolingians o Pepin the short • Charles “the hammer” Martel • Feudalism • Charlemagne • Vikings Reconquista Trebuchet


Lecture number:
10
Pages:
4
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Colorado State University- Fort Collins
Course:
Hist 100 - Western Civilization, Pre-Modern (GT-HI1)
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

HIST 100 1st Edition Lecture 10 Early middle Ages Islamic Factions o Death of Muhammad Debate about who will be next ruler o Caliph Successor of Muhammad Leader of Islamic empire Tries to bring back an era o Sunni Accepted Abdul Bakr as the first Caliph Father in law of the Prophet Caliph should be chosen by community consensus election o Shi a Accepted Ali Son in law and cousin of the prophet Caliph chosen by appointed from God o Dispute between both groups stems from who should be the successor of Muhammad s death o 5 Pillars of Islam each have a meaning that Islams must follow o Islamic Legacy What we still use today AD Syrian Christian monks began to translate Greek Roman writings Mathematics astrology medicine immediate value Philosophy and theater anathema o Mathematics 1 9 0 decimals place and fractions Linear and quadratic equations irrational numbers relationship between algebra and geometry anything that begins with Al stems from Islamic language o Architecture Mosque art o Carolingians Ousted merovingians These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Papal support Frankish kingdom established o Pepin the short First of the line o Last died in 1122 Crowned king of the franks o From Latin Carolus descendants of Charles Charles the hammer Martel o Founding father of the Middle Ages Development of feudalism and knighthood o Umayyad Arab invasion Moors from Spain led by Abdul rahman leads Muslims 5th largest empire the world has seen o Battle of Tours Prevented Islamic spread into Europe Hammered his opponents 300 000 people slaughtered got nickname the hammer he only lost 1500 men total Feudalism o Decentralized Europe o Lords Land owners nobility money bags Land lord who the vassals paid rent to o Vassals People under mutual contract Pay in money military service Tithe the renters used to grow crops o FIEFS Also called manors Inherited land or estate



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