GSU PERS 2001 - FINAL STUDY GUIDE (18 pages)

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FINAL STUDY GUIDE



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FINAL STUDY GUIDE

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Pages:
18
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Pers 2001 - Perspectiv:comparative Culture
Perspectiv:comparative Culture Documents

Unformatted text preview:

HIV Infection and AIDS Etiology Epidemiology Transmission and Testing Where did HIV come from Present in US Europe and Africa for many decades 1960s Mutation First identified in 1984 Difficult to trace to one person Definitions HIV prevalence The number of people living with HIV with or without a diagnosis of AIDS at a point in time HIV incidence The number of people who become newly infected with HIV in a given period HIV diagnoses The number of HIV diagnoses during a given period regardless of when the persons became infected AIDS diagnoses The number of AIDS diagnoses during a given period AIDS is diagnosed when an HIV infected person s immune system becomes severely compromised measured by CD4 cell count and or the person becomes ill with an opportunistic infection DEFINITION HIV AIDS HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus This is the virus that causes AIDS HIV is diff from other viruses because it attacks the immune system AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection It can take years for a person infected with HIV even without treatment to reach this stage HIV PREVALANCE 1 1 million adults and adolescents were living with diagnosed or undiagnosed HIV infection in the United States at the end of 2006 CDC 2008 The majority of those living with HIV were nonwhite 65 4 and nearly half 48 1 were men who have sex with men MSM The HIV prevalence rates for blacks 1 715 1 per 100 000 and Hispanics 585 3 per 100 000 were respectively 7 6 and 2 6 times the rate for whites CDC 2008 THE PROBLEM diagnosed to late for treatment to be effective 20 people infected with HIV don t know it including women 1 3 are diagnosed so late that they develop AIDS within one year The states with the biggest epidemic and the greatest number of late diagnosis Fla NY Texas GA NJ HIV overview Human Immunosuppressive virus HIV This is the retro virus that causes AIDS HIV 1 and HIV 2 mostly in West Africa 1983 and 1984 virus identified Gallo NCI



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