Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide

Study Guide covering the three branches of government and how they operate within the states. Then moving on to how effective the state governments are at enacting policies that improve education and combat crime and poverty. Further information and study questions will be added after tuesday's lecture.

Study Guide
Texas A&M University
Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment

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POLS 207 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide: Lectures: 18 - 22 Lecture 18 Legislating Policy and Representing the People Legislative Branch - Make statutory laws - Amend State Constitutions - Constituent Services - Bring government funding to districts Representation - Geographic o Heterogeneous districts o Homogenous districts - Non-Geographic - Entrepreneurial - Random Selection Legislative Apportionment Equal Population - Reynolds v. Sims “legislators represent people, not trees or acres.” - Equal number of people in the district Base = Population Range = 1% Redistricting - State legislatures create districts for themselves and U.S House - Race and ethnicity play a part o Voting Rights Act 1965 o Fracturing o Packing or concentrating (Racial gerrymandering) - Partisan gerrymandering o Changing district lines to gain more votes for your party One Person, One Vote Not everyone is eligible to vote. - You must be a registered voter - Over the age of 18 - Be a citizen of the US – residents cannot vote - Felons cannot vote Districting Requirements - Contiguity - Population Equality - Voting Rights Act - Impact - Shape - Partisan Gerrymandering How a bill becomes a law that affects us: Lecture 22 Major vs. Minor Bills 56% are major bills - Meaning they have a huge impact on the public. 44% Minor The time limit for creating bills is 140 days – the length of the legislative session in Texas. Processing Major Bills - Introduced earlier - More companion bills - More even across committees - More amendments - More likely to die - Later final action Agenda of Active Bills in Texas Legislature - Bills can only be introduced in the first 60 days of the legislative session in Texas o Unless it is an emergency bill Secrets of the Texas Legislative Process - Not all bills are intended to pass o Some are to show that certain members have controversial issue preferences o They know the bill will fail but it shows the issue stance of candidates - Bills are not independent of each other - Bills do not receive equal consideration First Reading Third Reading Bill Drafted Bill Introduced Committee Reports Bill Assignment to Committee Committee Pigeon­holes, Holds Hearings, and Marks­up BillBill on Calendar Debated If Amended Vote on Bill Sent to Governor for Signature Conference Committee to Make Identical If passed Signed Into Law by Governor Bureaucracy Administers to Legislature's Satisfaction Judicial Review of Constitutionality We are Affected by the Law Second Reading Texas Legislative Workload Only the governor can call a special session of the legislature. A Model of Legislative Professionalization  All of these factors make the legislature more professional. Relationships: Bill Introduction & Population – Moderate Positive. Bill Introduction & Percent Metropolitan – Moderate Positive. Length of session and bill introductions – Strong Positive. Percent full-time legislators and legislative compensation – strong positive. Texas Legislators are part-time. They have other jobs and are normally independently wealthy. Models of Responsiveness - Representational o Representative has the power to vote for ...

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