UA HIST 277A - Exam 2 Study Guide (8 pages)

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Exam 2 Study Guide



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Exam 2 Study Guide

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A review of everything from lecture (09/29-10/22)


Pages:
8
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Arizona
Course:
Hist 277a - History of the Middle East
History of the Middle East Documents

Unformatted text preview:

HIST 277A 1st Edition Exam 2 Study Guide Lectures 1 8 Lecture 1 September 29 Who are these individuals and define the following terms Al Safah was the first caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate With the help of the Khurasan governor named Abu Muslim he was able to take over the Umayyad and ended the dynasty Al Mansur was the brother of al Safah and the next Abbasid caliph His contributions to the Abbasid Dynasty included building Baghdad nicknamed the Round City He also ironically killed two immediate members of the family prophet despite the Abbasid s claim that they fought and stood for the prophet s family Harun al Rashid was also one of Abbasid s caliphs Under his reign Baghdad experienced a prosperous times called the Golden Age Al Ma mun was Harun al Rashid s second son who was appointed to govern Khurasan However due to the pressure exerted by his wazir he went against his older brother alAmin to take over Baghdad as a caliph even though al Amin was already appointed by their father During this time a civil war broke out He also started the Mihna Inquisition which stemmed from a highly tensed disagreement between the Rationalists and the Traditionalists on the creation of Qur an Iqta was a land system adopted by al Ma mun to pay governors and military chiefs for their services This was the opted system because there was a lack of revenues in the dynasty which was caused by loss of Abbasid territories that resulted in decrease of income Hajib is a chamberlain or court official that serves the caliph Al Amin al Ma mun s brother had a hajib who influenced him to take over Khurasan Wazir is a council who is a link between caliph and citiziens Al Ma mun s wazir also influenced him to take over Baghdad which resulted in a civil war Baghdad was the capital city of the Abbasid Caliphate What did the Abbasid claim at the beginning to rally people around them The Abbasid claimed that the Umayyads were godless people that were not qualified to rule They also claimed that



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