The Courts I(4 pages)
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The Courts I
Looking at the Judicial branch and their affects on the states. Then moving onto chapter 12 which looks at how effective state policies are.
- Lecture number:
- Lecture Note
- Texas A&M University
- Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment
Unformatted text preview:
POLS 207 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture I. The Courts Outline of Current Lecture II. States Courts A. Texas Courts III. Participation IV. Chapter 12 Current Lecture Configuration of State Courts Texas and one other state have their supreme court split into two – one for criminal and another for civil cases. State Courts Original Jurisdiction Questions of fact and questions of law FACT: Did prohibited behavior occur? Is defendant legally responsible? Substantive questions. Answered by Juries in cases involving juries. LAW: Procedural due process. Rules of conflict adjudication. What evidence is permissible, what issues are germane, who is eligible to speak to which issues, etc. Always answered by Judge. If defendant is found responsible, Judge decides punishment in criminal cases, compensation in civil cases. Supreme Courts Intermediate Appellate Courts Trial Courts Appellate Jurisdiction Questions of law only. Uphold or reverse decisions on questions of law made by trial court. Review court record & hear from attorneys. If reversed, then a new trial is possible. Appellate courts do not set defendants free. There are no juries, but multiple judges. They nullify the decision Very few cases are appealed PROCESS: Loser appeals; briefs from parties; briefs from friends of the court; hearing; then decision Texas Courts States Highest Appellate Courts Supreme Court – Civil Matters Court of Criminal Appeals – highest appellate court for criminal matters State Intermediate Appellate Courts Court of Appeals State Trial Courts of General and Special Jurisdiction District Courts Country Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction County Level Courts o Constitutional Country Courts o County Courts at Law o Statutory Probate Courts Local Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction Justice Courts Municipal Courts Two Supreme Courts are underworked – would make more sense for their just to be one. However, to change it there would need to be statutory amendment and Texans don’t like change. Elite Participation
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