Financing State & Local Government

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Lecture 20 Outline of Last Lecture (4-9-2013) I. Machine Politics II. What led to the decline of Party Machines? III. The Reform Government Model IV. Elitism verse Pluralism V. Suburban Sprawl VI. Annexation = Cities Bringing In Unincorporated Areas VII. Extra Territorial Jurisdiction VIII. Annexing in Texas and in the Future Outline of Current Lecture (4-16-2013) I. Two Important Financing Concepts = Interdependence and Diversity II. Types of Taxes a. Property Taxes b. General Sales Taxes c. Income Taxes d. Excise Taxes e. Severance Taxes f. User Fees g. Lotteries III. Criteria for Evaluating Taxes = Equity, Yield vs. Cost IV. The Texas Budget and the Source of Revenue for Texas HOMEWORK:  Watch The Plea PBS – Frontline website  Chapter “Courts, Crime, and Correctional Policy” o Section: “State Prisons and Correctional Policies” – 339-343  Chapter “The Politics of Taxation and Finance” o Section: “When Ends Don’t Meet: State & Local Debt,” “When a Local Gov. Goes Bust” 520-525  Chapter “The Politics of Education” o Section: “The Politics of Higher Education” -592-595 TEST: next Thursday April 25, 2013  Tuesday REVIEW 7-8 Harrington 108 Topic Today’s Lecture: FINANCING STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT Two important concepts 1) Interdependence a. different levels of government depend on each other for financing b. lower levels typically depend on higher levels for funding c. Texas gets about 30% funding from federal government

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