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WVU POLS 103 - Environmental Issues and Democracy

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POLYS 103 October 6 Lecture 19Outline of Last Lecture I. Continuation of TerrorismII. Al QaedaIII. SyriaIV. AfghanistanV. NigeriaVI. China/ UighursOutline of Current Lecture II. Environmental Issuesa. Canadab. Chinac. Africad. Tragedy of the commonsIII. European Uniona. Democracy in Hungaryb. Balkans c. Libyad. democracyCurrent LectureEnvironmental IssuesCanada Giant Mines:gold mining produces arsenicthe companies were dumping the toxic arsenic back into the old minesThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.the problem was that companies went back to continue mining gold from these old mines and the arsenic was exposed to the rain and weatherCompany is now gone and the government is left to clean up the messThis is an issue of a multi-generational problem Chinese Water 2/3 of the farmland and most of the people are located in the north of China, but only 1/5 of the water is theresolution is to move the water to the peopleproblem is that this displaces people because of the building of culverts and pipelineBringing more water to the people won't solve the problemthe growth of people and the demand for water will both continue to increaseas a place gets richer, its demand increasesAfrican power generationAfrica is behind the rest of the worldit lacks infrastructuredoesn't produce enough power for everyone, leads to blackouts during the daycompanies don't want to build factories in Africa because of the unstable power Tragedy of the CommonsResources tend to be owned by individual states, but costs are shared by everyone-no single actor has an incentive to reduce-only working together will have an effect- the future always loses out to the presentDemocracy in HungaryHungary is a member of the European UnionThe prime minister of Hungary is bringing Hungary along economically very well but he has changes the constitution to reduce democracyhe has made it easier for him to stay in officestate owned mediaIncreased CorruptionForeign NGO's are being harassedWhat should the European Union do about Hungary? Kick them out? Or force them to become democratic?These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Balkans and the European UnionA number of Balkan States want to join the European UnionThe states have failed the requirements to joinEuropean Union doesn't want poor states to joinpeople in poor states would be able to then travel to the richer parts of the unionand do better. European UnionA bunch of European States are tied together both economically and politicallyThe issues of Hungary and the Balkans are straining the UnionLegitimacy: the extent to which the governments actions and organizations are seen as right/properLegitimate governments have more power to do thingsall governments use some degree of coercion and rewardLibyahad a revolution and overthrew the former government Libyans can't agree on what type of government they want nowThere is a government in place but it isn't legitimate There are rival governments that challenge itIn Democracy2 systems1. Presidential winner takes all. Example is after a presidential election, the candidate who wins the majority of the votes wins the presidency, the other runner doesn't get anything2. Parliamentary apportion political authority according to the percentage of votes that each partygets. If a party gets 30% of the vote, it gets 30% of the seats in legislation-creates a system with a lot of parties-raises election turnout These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a


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