Exam 2 Study Guide

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Exam 2 Study Guide

Covers lectures 10-18 using the review term document Prof Wood sent out.

Study Guide
Texas A&M University
Hist 106 - History Of The U S

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HIST 106 1st Edition Exam 2 Study Guide: Lectures: 10 - 18 1) 19th Amendment (1) Passes quickly in house, takes 18 months in senate (2) August 18th 1920, Tennessee becomes final state needed to ratify (3) Gave Women the right to vote 2) “A Date Which Will Live in Infamy” a) Pearl Harbor i) Before attack, most Americans agreed we should remain isolationist ii) Attack destroys and damages 8 battleship and 300 planes (1) Whole of pacific force iii) Didn’t destroy air carriers (out at sea at that point), oil reserves, or repair stations (1) Allowed not completely sunk ships to be repaired iv) Japanese wanted to destroy whole US force (1) Bombed bases all throughout pacific ocean v) Also attacked British bases vi) Congress declares war on Japan 1 day later 3) Philip Randolph (1) Calls for blacks to demand equal rights for time served in war (2) March on Washington (a) Called on blacks to travel to DC for mass march (b) Meant to protest discrimination in military, federal jobs, and against Jim Crow (c) FDR Ideal that many black protestors converging on DC would create negative publicity world wide (i) FDR meets with Randolph to discuss solution 1. Executive Order 8802 a. Banned discrimination in the military b. Formed fair employment practices committee i. Investigated war time discrimination 4) Atlantic Charter a) Atlantic Charter- 1941 i) Between US and Britain b) defined the Allied goals for the post-war world. It was drafted by Britain and the United States, and later agreed to by all the Allies. The Charter stated the ideal goals of the war: no territorial aggrandizement; no territorial changes made against the wishes of the people; restoration of self-government to those deprived of it; free access to raw materials; reduction of trade restrictions; global cooperation to secure better economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations. 5) Bolshevik Revolution 1. New provisional government put into place a. Pledge to keep in war, even though it was very unpopular in war 2. Lenin urges Bolsheviks to take over government a. Bolsheviks sign different treaty with German and pulls Russia out of war. b. Allows Germany to focus all troops on the west 6) Bonus Army March (1) Summer 1932- Hoover cemented reputation as cold and hard (2) Congress had promised veterans a bonus in the form of a bond that would mature in 1945 (a) Should help veterans once they retire (3) Veterans from all over form “bonus expedition force” (a) Demanded congress pay bonus now not in 1945 (4) Pledged to stay in DC until congress gave bonus immediately (a) Congress votes down bill (5) Hoover wasn’t happy about presence in DC (a) Ordered police to move veterans camping in an abandoned federal building (b) Few respond by throwing rocks at police (i) Open fire and 2 veterans killed (c) Considered response as ...

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