UW-Madison BIOLOGY 101 - Exam 1 Study Guide (9 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Study Guide
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Biology 101 - Zoology 101: Animal Biology
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Zoology101 Animal Biology Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 12 Lecture 1 September 3 What are the properties to life Order Energy processing response to environment regulation homeostasis reproduction growth and development evolutionary and adaptation What are the levels of development and what are emergent properties Molecule organelle cell tissue organ Organ system organism population community ecosystem biosphere Emergent properties are new properties that come about as each system becomes more complex defining each level Explain how evolution explains unity and diversity of life We are all related by the most recent ancestors For example the molecular level of some cilia of a paramecium are the same as cilia found in the trachea Also some proteins and brain regions in humans are similar to marine worms We are all diverse but connected Lecture 2 September 5 What characteristics define animals Eukaryotic Multicellular heterotrophic need to ingest their food lack a cell wall bodies made up of cells organized into tissues motility at some point specific developmental patterns Discuss the water molecule and why it is so vital to life What are common polar covalent bonds Overall water is the solvent of life It has covalent bonds which share a pair of electrons there is an unequal sharing of electrons however making oxygen more electronegative than hydrogen Water can bind together with other hydrogen bonded polar molecules and can also dissolve other polar molecules Ions can dissociate in water O H N H S H are common polar covalent bonds What are the functional groups What kind of bonds are on organic molecules What are the types of macromolecules The functional groups are hydroxyl O H carbonyl C O O H amino H N H phosphate PO42 methyl CH3 Organic molecules have C C bonds and C H these bonds are extremely nonpolar and energy is stored in their bonds The macromolecules are carbohydrates proteins lipids nucleic acids and each of these are made of small subunits How are

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