CSU HIST 100 - Hellenistic Greece (3 pages)

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Hellenistic Greece



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Hellenistic Greece

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Aristarchus of Samos • Archimedes • Eratosthenes • Euclid o Hellenistic philosophy o Cynicism o stoicism o Epicueanism o Syncretism o Hellenistic women o Rise of rome


Lecture number:
4
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Colorado State University- Fort Collins
Course:
Hist 100 - Western Civilization, Pre-Modern (GT-HI1)
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

HIST 100 1st Edition Lecture 4 Aristarchus of Samos Heliocentric model of the universe o Often rejected for Aristotle ptolemy s geocentric Celestial calaculations o Size of sun o Size of earth o Size of moon o Distance between the sun and earth moon and earth Archimedes Used aristarchus heliocentric to determine how many grains of sand will fit in the universe Invented a language for very large numbers Archimedes screw Archimedes claw Eureka Eratosthenes Calculated the circumference of the earth Distance between earth and sun Degree of tilt of the earth s axis Invented leap year Euclid father of geometry elements used axioms to systematize mathematics o collection of postulates propsitions and proofs o ex things which equal the same thing also equal one another o ex the whole is greater than the part arguably one of the most influential books o second to the bible o only in the 20th century did it get replaced o separation of science and philosophy more conscious effort for distinction Aristotle divided philosophy Logic physis and ethics By Hellenistic era Systematic research and empirical observation These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o o o o o o Astrology and mathematics Hellenistic philosophy How to live a good life vs mathematics and ethics As a result of influxes of popualtions and ideas Cultural centers of learning Academy lyceum stoa garden etc Led to ideas of Determinism and the relationship with free will Value of individual One god pantheism henotheism Many regard it as an influence on Christians ideals I am not an Athenian or a Corinthian but a citizen of the world Cynicism Taught in cynosarges place of the white dog from an insult offered freedom from suffering by rejecting all conventional necessities money career possessions stoicism zeno of citiums stoa poikile in agora of Athens virtue is sufficient for happiness cynics accordance



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