World War II: Home Front

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World War II: Home Front

Life at home for different Americans during WWII is addressed.


Lecture number:
16
Pages:
6
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Hist 106 - History Of The U S
Edition:
3

Unformatted text preview:

HIST 106 1st Edition Lecture 16 Outline of Last Lecture LECTURE OUTLINE FOR THE LECTURE ON WORLD WAR II: FROM ISOLATIONIST TO GLOBAL SUPERPOWER • Pearl Harbor • Lead-up to Pearl Harbor Worldwide Depression Worldwide Conflict Totalitarian aggression: Japan, Germany, Italy American Isolationism Armament and the Four Freedoms • The Uneasy Alliance United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union • War in Europe • War in the Pacific • The Advent of Atomic Warfare • Diplomatic Lessons of World War II Outline of Current Lecture LECTURE OUTLINE FOR WORLD WAR II: THE HOME FRONT • Mobilization on the Home Front The Office of War Information (OWI) Economic Expansion • War Work New jobs, new workers Urbanization and migration Women in the workforce • Race, Ethnicity, and World War II African Americans and a growing civil rights movement Japanese American internment Mexican immigration and Braceros Jewish immigrants and Jewish Americans Ethnic whites • Domestic legacies of World War II Current Lecture 1) Mobilization on the Home Front a) The Office of War Information (OWI) i) 1942 ii) Distributed propaganda to promote the war iii) Worked with Hollywood Director Frank Capra (1) Directed series of films called “Why We Fight” (2) Explained war to US soldiers and citizens iv) Banned publication of anything showing dead American soldiers (1) Feared these images would demoralize the public v) Warned information from the front lines could aid the enemy b) Economic Expansion i) Finally meant end of great depression (1) “Dr. New Deal” replaced by “Dr. Win the War” (a) Many new deal plans and programs had been stopped (b) All expenses that went towards new deal programs were dwarfed for defense funding ii) Strong economy was something that could be used against the enemy (1) If the US produced more food, fuel, weapons, or any other types of production, the allies would win the war iii) US had advantage over all the allies for its production possibility (1) Population was large enough to support the armed forces as well as the labor force (2) American industry was isolated from enemy attacks since war was being fought in Europe iv) War production Board 1942 (1) Goal in first year was huge numbers of planes, tanks, and ships (2) Fed government spent about 2 million dollars a day to support the war (a) Government spent twice as much money as it had in its entire history just during WWII v) Supported by Revenue Act of 1942 (Victory Tax) (1) 75% of American workers would pay taxes (2) Number of people taxed jumped from 4 million to 42 million (3) Government required employers to withhold taxes from employees vi) Sold War Bonds



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