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SOME NOTES ON THE STAMMERING PROBLEM



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SOME NOTES ON THE STAMMERING PROBLEM BY RALPH REED M D CINCINNATI O E ARLY in my work in the field of psychoanalysis I felt that if a few stammerers were studied intensively by the psychoanalytic method the solution of the nature of this difficulty would be readily arrived at I still believe that psychoanalysis will answer many questions with regard to stammering but I do not believe that it solves the problem of this disorder in anything like the complete and clean cut way in which it has succeeded in solving the problem of many of the other psychoneuroses I have now investigated in greater or less psychoanalytic detail some twenty cases of stammering The most striking thing that to me was elucidated was the fact that a series of stammerers will eventually contradict almost every theory that has ever been set forth with regard to the nature of this disease I believe that there have been more absurd and illy digested theories of stammering set forth than with respect to almost any other psychoneurotic disorder I studied Bleumel s Stammering and Cognate Defects of Speech very carefully years ago and found nothing in it of any value to me whatever I can say the same of practically every theory of this disease that has been since advanced including the work of both Swift and Scripture I am unable to find that stammerers invariably possess what has been described as the stammering monotone or that their auditory memory or power of visualization is defective or that they were born lefthanded and had been trained to use the right etc The best summary of the stammering problem I have yet seen is Coriat c Stammering as a Psychoneurosis The Journal of Abnormal Psychology February March 1915 Every stammerer certainly suffers in some degree or other from an inferiority complex but to say this is not saying much The mere discovery and confrontation of the patient with his inferiority complex will accomplish but little Sometimes this seems to be the result of the stammering



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