UA BSC 215 - Exam 1 Study Guide (22 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Study Guide
University of Alabama
Bsc 215 - Human Anatomy & Physiology I
Human Anatomy & Physiology I Documents

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BSC 215 1nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Chapters 1 3 Chapter 1 Major Themes of Anatomy and Physiology 1 1 The Scope of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy is the study of structure and physiology is the study of function Physiology leans meaning to anatomy and conversely anatomy is what makes physiology possible unity of form and function Inspection simply looking at the body s appearance as in performing a physical examination or making a clinical diagnosis from surface appearance Palpation means feeling a structure with the hands o Such as palpating a swollen lymph node or taking a pulse Auscultation is listening to the natural sounds made by the body such as heart and lung sounds In percussion the examiner taps on the body feels for abnormal resistance and listens to the emitted sound for signs of abnormalities such as pockets of fluid or air A deeper understanding of the body comes from dissection the cutting and separating of tissues Cadaver is a dead human body Comparative anatomy is the study of multiple species in order to examine similarities and differences and analyze evolutionary trends Dissection is not an option on living bodies so exploratory surgery is sometimes an option opening the body and taking a look inside to see what is wrong and what could be done about it Exploratory surgery is often replaced with medical imaging techniques The branch of medicine concerned with imaging is called radiology Structure that can be seen with the naked eye whether by surface observation radiology or dissection is called gross anatomy Histology is the approach of microscopic anatomy Cytology is the study of the structure and function of individual cells Physiology has subdisciplines such as neurophysiology physiology of the nervous system endocrinology physiology of hormones and pathophysiology mechanisms of disease Comparative physiology is the study of how different species have solved problems of life such as water balance respiration and reproduction o It is also

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