Political Parties, Interest Groups

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Political Parties, Interest Groups

Finishing factors affecting turnout and Texas voting laws. Then moving onto parties and interest groups and the history of the party system in the US.

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Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment

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POLS 207 1st Edition Lecture 14 Outline of Last Lecture I. The Individual in Democratic Government Outline of Current Lecture II. The Individual in Democratic Government A. Factors Associated with Turnout B. Voting Laws in Texas C. Incumbency III. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and the Idea of Competition a. Organized Participation b. Parties c. Interest Groups d. History of American Political Parties Current Lecture  Factors associated with Turnout  Socioeconomic status o Higher this is, the higher the chance you’ll vote o Education matters  If you take people from the same education level than blacks will vote more than whites  Because previously they were not allowed to vote – this has increased their chances of turnout  Interparty competition o High competition leads to high turnout  Tradition/Culture  Legal requirements o Voting Rights Act  Stops politicians racially gerrymandering o Registration  Election issues  Voting Laws in Texas  White primary o Only white citizens could vote in primaries  Poll tax o If you wanted to vote you had to pay tax o Discriminates against the poor  Registration barriers o Grandfather clause – if your grandfather did not vote, you couldn’t  To stop former slaves voting o Literacy test  Disenfranchise many – hard test that was intended to stop people voting.   People often lie when they self-report voting.   Incumbency  They get re-elected 90-95% of the time.  They have job security  More likely to stay because they are the incumbent  Incumbency  The fact that being in office helps a person stay in office because of a variety of benefits that go with the position o Name recognition o Access to free media

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