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WVU POLS 103 - Drezner Book and The Realism Theory

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POLYS 103 August 27 Lecture 4Outline of Last Lecture I. How to explain how politics has shiftedII. Levels of analysisOutline of Current Lecture II. Introduction to theories if International PoliticsA. Realism/LiberalismIII. Realism in Drezner bookCurrent Lecture1. Two primary theories of international politics1. realism: which answers the question, “Why do we have conflict?”2. Liberalism: which answers the question, “Why do we have peace?”2. Drezner calls Realism- Realpolitik in his book1. Realism is a 2500 year old theory2. it argues that the world is “anarchic” opposite of hierarchyStates don't have to do anything they don't want to doNo central punishment for voila ting normsCreates a self-help world3. States with more power/ resources are more successful3. A realist world looks like:1. States2. All states want to survive3. There is no order, because nothing is leader over states4. States don't trust each other/ there is always uncertainty These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.5. states cooperate with other states out of their own self interest6. Security dilemmaAct of gaining power (a state) to make itself more secureit is threatening to other states7. States react to what other states do4. This form of realism is systemic1. All states are judged by their power2. all states must respond to threats. If they don't then they are not considered states5. Looking at it in terms of the book with a zombie twist1. The presence of zombies doesn't change much for a realistThe states will act according to self-help no matter what2. buckpassing: not doing anything in hopes that another state will6. Realism is just a theory1. there are things that the realism theory can't explain which is why we have more than one theory. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a


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