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1 FOUNDATIONS Dualism Behaviorism Central State Materialism G Ryle Descartes Myth For Tuesday H Putnam Brains and Behavior In Chalmers pp 45 54 Topics 1 Dualism 2 Introspection 3 Category Mistakes 4 Mental States not Causes of Behavior 5 Behaviorism Dualism Mind and body are different kinds of stuff vs there s only one kind of stuff physical stuff 1 Knowledge of your own existence more certain than knowledge of any material thing 2 Can conceive separately of body and self so body and self are separate 3 Matter is divisible but the self is indivisible 6 We don t introspect non physical substance It shimmers beyond any knowledge we have So it doesn t explain anything Suppose that each soul only lasted for a second but transmitted all its psychological states to the next soul coming up and a person has a long series of such souls 7 8 Everything would seem just the way it does now to you and to the person 9 So supposing it s one soul rather than a series doesn t explain anything 10 Suppose that at any one time each person s body had associated with it a thousand souls all acting together 11 So when the body speaks there are a thousand souls wanting to say that thing Again everything would seem just the way it does now to you and to the person So supposing it s just one soul doesn t explain anything 12 Topics 1 Dualism 2 Introspection 3 Category Mistakes 4 Mental States not Causes of Behavior 5 Behaviorism Descartes Myth 1 Knowledge of your own existence more certain than knowledge of any material thing 2 Can conceive separately of body and self so body and self are separate 3 Matter is divisible but the self is indivisible Introspection Not only can he view and scrutinize a flower through his sense of sight and listen to and discriminate the notes of a bell through his sense of hearing he can also reflectively or introspectively watch without any bodily organ of sense the current episodes of his inner life Introspection This self observation is commonly supposed to be



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