MCC CHRM 2350 - Infancy and Childhood Nutrition (9 pages)

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Infancy and Childhood Nutrition



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Infancy and Childhood Nutrition

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Pages:
9
School:
Metropolitan Community College
Course:
Chrm 2350 - Nutrition

Unformatted text preview:

Infancy and Childhood Nutrition Objectives After reading Chapter 13 this outline and answering infant nutrition questions you will be able to 1 Describe normal growth and weight gain 2 Identify nutrient needs 3 Compare breast milk and infant formula 4 Discuss advantages of breast milk 5 Discuss supplementation of full term infant 6 Discuss timeline for introduction of solid foods 7 Develop strategies for mealtime behaviors 8 Identify healthy snacks 9 Utilize BMI for Age Percentiles Supplements for Full Term Infants Vitamin D Breastfed Infants Birth to six months of age Six months to one year Formula fed Infants Birth to six months of age Six months to one year X X Iron Fluoride X X X X More on Supplementation of Full Term Infants p 551 1 Vitamin D supplementation is recommended for all exclusively breastfed infants and for any infant not receiving at least 500 ml 1 5 oz of Vitamin D fortified formula 2 Additional Iron is needed for all infants four to six months of age preferably in the form of iron fortified cereal and iron fortified formula for formula fed infants 3 Fluoride supplementation is needed for all infants at six months if formula being used is not made with water that is fluoridated with at least 0 3 ppm Normal Infant Wt Gain Weight gain during first 5 years Breast Milk Advantages Immunological protection Colostrum premilk substance of serum with antibodies and white cells maternal antibodies Bifidus factors promotes growth of friendly bacterium Lacto bacillus bifidus in digestive tract Lactoferrin iron binding protein interferes with bacteria growth promotes iron absorption in infant s bloodstream Lactadherin protein attacks virus causing intestinal diarrhea Growth factors stimulate development and maintenance of infant s digestive tract Breast milk enzymes protect infant against infection example lipase Allergy protection Lower incidence of allergic reactions Asthma recurrent wheezing skin rash Especially with family history of allergy Disease



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