USA HY 135 - Jeffersonian America (39 pages)

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Jeffersonian America



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Jeffersonian America

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Pages:
39
School:
University of South Alabama
Course:
Hy 135 - Us History To 1877

Unformatted text preview:

Jeffersonian America I An agrarian republic Rejection of federalism Institutes for a landed democracy Borrowing from the Federalists playbook A Rejection of federalism 1 1st Inaugural critique of Federalists 2 Vowed return to contract nationalism 3 Allowed Alien Sedition acts to expire 4 shortens naturalization 5 embraces opposition party 6 Wise and frugal government support state govts pay debts B Early National Period 1800 28 1 Republicans in White House next 23 years Federalists disappear 2 Republican coalition southern planters backcountry farmers the west mechanics and artisans II Institutes for a Landed Democracy Why a landed democracy yeoman farmers Creating a rational landscape Republican virtue Cato the Elder A Land Ordinance of 1785 1 Rectangular townships sections 2 make land affordable 3 proceeds go to govt Education section 16 B Northwest Ordinance of 1787 1 New states on par w originals Congressional Gov 5 000 voters territorial legislature 60 000 voters apply for admission all rights of citizenship apply 2 Banned slavery 3 Impending controversy sectionalism III Stealing ideas from the Federalists National expansion war A The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson s need to build agrarian republic while recognizing necessity to expand federal power 1 Pinckney Treaty 1795 2 Napoleon Master of Europe new French Empire reacquires Louisiana Territory 3 Touissant L Overture Saint Domingue 1804 Haitian Independence 4 Loose v Strict construction B Corps of Discovery 1 Voyage had been pre planned Lewis Clark 2 Enlightened discovery 3 Expand American influence C Marbury v Madison 1803 1 Tension between Republicans Federalist judges 2 Principle of judicial review Chief Justice John Marshall D Economic policy 1 Radical budget cuts slash bureacracy army no internal taxes free trade Albert Gallatin 2 Revenue from western lands Economic growth tied to geographic expansion Republicans adopt loose construction fast loose w sovereignty issues Activist federal government IV



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