WOU PSY 445 - Leadership (50 pages)

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Leadership



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 24, 25, 26, 27, 48, 49, 50 of actual document.

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Leadership

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Pages:
50
School:
Western Oregon University
Course:
Psy 445 - Industrial Organizational Psychology
Industrial Organizational Psychology Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Leadership Leadership What is it Hard to define We know it when we see it General Definition Social influence in an organizational setting the effects of which are relevant to or have an impact on the achievement of organizational goals Leader Effectiveness How can we tell a good leader from a poor leader What results would we expect to see from a good leader Performance the job gets done Motivation followers are energized Effort followers try hard Satisfaction followers are happy Focus of Trait Approach Leader Focuses exclusively on leader What traits leaders exhibit Who has these traits Personalit y Assessme Organizations use personality assessments ntsto find Right people Assumption will increase organizational effectiveness Specify characteristics traits for specific positions Personality assessment measures for fit Strengths Intuitively appealing Perception that leaders are different in that they possess special traits People need to view leaders as gifted Credibility due to a century of research support Highlights leadership component in the leadership process Deeper level understanding of how leader personality related to leadership process Provides benchmarks for what to look for in a leader Criticisms Fails to delimit a definitive list of leadership traits Endless lists have emerged Doesn t take into account situational effects Leaders in one situation may not be leaders in another situation List of most important leadership traits is highly subjective Much subjective experience observations serve as basis for identified leadership traits Research fails to look at traits in relationship to leadership outcomes Not useful for training development Application Provides direction as to which traits are good to have if one aspires to a leadership position Through various tests and questionnaires individuals can determine whether they have the select leadership traits and can pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses Can be used by managers to assess where they



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