Radford PSYC 201 - Second APA paper Assignment (4 pages)

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Second APA paper Assignment



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Second APA paper Assignment

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Pages:
4
School:
Radford University
Course:
Psyc 201 - Psychology Research I

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PSYC 201 Second APA paper assignment In this paper you will complete an APA style research paper that addresses a basic question in psychology Is there just one basic human ability i e intelligence or more than one You are being given the data from 30 Radford undergraduates who each performed six cognitive tasks Three of these tasks were in the area of memory and three of these tasks involved sensory motor function According to the theoretical work on intelligence by Charles Spearman performance on all types of tasks is driven by a common ability or mental energy that he referred to as g short for general intelligence Spearman 1923 If Spearman is correct and there is only one intelligence scores for all six of the tasks you performed should be correlated with scores on all of the other tests If a person has a lot of g if they have a high level of general intelligence they should perform well on all tasks that require intelligence In the last 20 years a number of alternatives to Spearman s views on intelligence have emerged For example Robert Sternberg states that we do not possess one type or source of intelligence but three He refers to these as academic problem solving practical intelligence and creative intelligence Sternberg Wagner 1993 According to this view high scores on measures of one type of intelligence are not necessarily associated with high scores on measures of either of the other two types of intelligence A second alternative view of intelligence has been provided by Howard Gardner Gardner 1983 In his work he proposes that there are seven different human intelligences and that an individual may be gifted or not in any of these seven areas According to this view high scores on measures of musical intelligence should be correlated with other measures of musical intelligence but not with measures of other types of intelligence The data we collected in the lab can provide information about which of the two views of intelligence is best supported by the



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