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Sketching, Searching, and Customizing Visualizations: a Content-based Approach to Design Retrieval



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In M Meybury ed Intelligent Multimedia Information Retrieval AAAI MIT 1997 83 111 Sketching Searching and Customizing Visualizations a Content based Approach to Design Retrieval Mei C Chuah Steven F Roth Stephan Kerpedjiev School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213 USA Tel 1 412 268 2145 E mail mei steven roth kerpedjiev cs cmu edu http www cs cmu edu sage ABSTRACT We present new techniques for retrieval of data graphics and a system SageBook that employs these techniques to facilitate the process of visualization design Design is an important activity in many different disciplines including engineering science and business but current systems provide little support for non expert users to design new graphics for use in data analysis SageBook s approach is to provide expertise through the retrieval and reuse of previously successful designs The design task places new demands on retrieval technology because it requires not only a good search engine but also effective tools to pose queries browse results and adapt previous designs for reuse Despite our focus on data graphic design the concepts presented can be transferred to other design activities 1 INTRODUCTION This chapter will discuss retrieval as it relates to the problem of graphic design an important activity in many disciplines and tasks Graphics are used by analysts in many domains to analyze trends detect patterns and anomalies and answer focused questions Data analyses are also performed by statisticians to identify relationships or detect problem areas These activities are classified as exploratory data analysis Tukey 1977 In addition to analysis Sketching Searching and Customizing Visualizations a Content based Approach to Design Retrieval 2 graphics are useful for succinctly and clearly communicating information to others in presentations Whether for analysis or presentation the success of these tasks depends on the ability of people to design effective graphics of their



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