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Gender Differences in Agency Head Salaries The Case of Public Education Kenneth J Meier Department of Political Science Texas A M University 4348 TAMUS College Station TX 77843 Vicky M Wilkins Dept of Political Science University of Missouri Columbia Columbia MO 65211 All data and documentation necessary to replicate this analysis are available from the authors Financial support for the analysis was provided by the George Bush School of Government and Public Service and the Department of Political Science at Texas A M University Gender Differences in Agency Head Salaries The Case of Public Education Abstract This study demonstrates a quantitative approach to assessing gender discrimination in public salaries at the individual level Using data from 1000 school districts in Texas over a period of 4 years the results show that gender differences in superintendent s salaries are subtle rather than systematic Female superintendents who replace male superintendents receive lower compensation Local district wealth also interacts with gender to affect salaries Gender Differences in Agency Head Salaries The Case of Public Education Over 30 years have passed since the passage of the Equal Pay Act the first modern statute directed at protecting workers against wage discrimination The Equal Pay Act of 1963 prohibits unequal pay for equal or substantially equal work performed by men and women This legislation was quickly followed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibits wage discrimination on the basis of race color sex religion or national origin Together these laws revolutionized the American workplace Despite the advancements made by women in the workforce however sex based wage discrimination has persisted Indeed the Department of Labor reports that in 1999 women earned approximately 77 percent as much as men did up a little more than a dime since 1963 African American and Latino women fare worse at 65 percent and 59 percent respectively Department 1999 1 Although



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