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Assessment of Mineralization Reactions



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Carbon Sequestration Potential of Southern Idaho Basalts Assessment of Mineralization Reactions Robert W Smith UI Travis L McLing INL April 11 2008 Projected Growth in US Energy Consumption 2002 Oil 40 98 Quads Coal 23 Fossil fuels provide 86 of energy 40 Renewables 7 Gas 24 Nuclear 6 2025 Oil 39 Coal 23 Gas 24 136 Quads Renewables 6 Nuclear 8 By 2020 reliance on fossil fuels remains stable at 87 1 One Gigaton Per Year Of GHG Reduction Coal Fired Power Plants Build 1 000 zero emission 500 MW coalfired power plants to supplant coalfired power plants without CO2 capture and storage Current global installed generating capacity is about 2 million illi MW MW Geologic Storage Install 3 700 carbon storage sites like Norway s Sliepner project 0 27 MtC year Nuclear Build 500 new nuclear power plants each 1 GW in size to supplant an equal capacity of coalfired power plants without CO2 capture and storage This would more than double the current number of nuclear plants worldwide Electricity from Landfill Gas Projects Install 7 874 typical landfill gas electricity projects typical size being 3 MW projects at nonregulated landfills that collect landfill methane emissions and use them as fuel for electric generation Efficiency Deploy 1 billion new cars at 40 miles per gallon mpg instead of 20 mpg Wind Energy Install 650 000 wind turbines 1 5 MW each operating at 0 45 capacity factor to supplant coal 0 45 coalfired power plants without CO2 capture and storage Solar Photovoltaics Install 6 million acres of solar photovoltaics to supplant coal fired power plants without CO2 capture and storage assuming 10 cell DC efficiency 1700 kWhr m2 solar radiance and 90 DC AC conversion efficiency Biomass Fuels from Plantations Convert a barren area about 15 times the size of Iowa s farmland about 33 million acres to biomass crop production CO2 Storage in New Forest Convert a barren area about 40 times the size of Iowa s farmland to new forest Note SRES IPCC 2000 scenarios assume that all of



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