UT Arlington MANA 5350 - Leadership Theories (28 pages)

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Leadership Theories



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Leadership Theories

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Pages:
28
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Mana 5350 - Effective Leadership

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Leadership Theories MANA 5350 Dr Jeanne Michalski Michalski uta edu Leadership Theories Great Man Theories Great Man Theories Based on the belief that leaders are exceptional people born with innate qualities destined to lead The use of the term man was intentional leadership was thought of as a concept which is primarily male This led to the next school of Trait Theories Trait Theories Trait Theories Developed lists of traits or qualities associated with leadership They draw on virtually all the adjectives in the dictionary which describe some positive or virtuous human attribute from ambition to zest for life Trait Theories Numerous studies conducted No consistent traits identified Some traits were found across a considerable number of studies but results were generally inconclusive Some leaders might have possessed certain traits but the absence of them did not necessarily mean that the person was not a leader Trait Theories Some traits did appear more frequently than others including technical skill friendliness task motivation application to task group task supportiveness social skill emotional control administrative skill general charisma and intelligence Most widely studied Behaviorist Theories McGregor Blake and Mouton Behaviorist Theories Concentrate more on what leaders actually do rather than on their qualities Different patterns of behavior are observed and categorized as styles of leadership Behaviorist Theories McGregor Theory X managers The average human being has an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if possible Because of this human characteristic most people must be coerced controlled directed or threatened with punishment to get them to put forth adequate effort to achieve organizational objectives The average human being prefers to be directed wishes to avoid responsibility has relatively little ambition and wants security above all else Theory Y managers Work is as natural as play or rest and the average human being under proper



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