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Man Computer Symbiosis Summary Man computer symbiosis is an expected development in cooperative interaction between men and electronic computers It will involve very close coupling between the human and the electronic members of the partnership The main aims are 1 to let computers facilitate formulative thinking as they now facilitate the solution of formulated problems and 2 to enable men and computers to cooperate in making decisions and controlling complex situations without inflexible dependence on predetermined programs In the anticipated symbiotic partnership men will set the goals formulate the hypotheses determine the criteria and perform the evaluations Computing machines will do the routinizable work that must be done to prepare the way for insights and decisions in technical and scientific thinking Preliminary analyses indicate that the symbiotic partnership will perform intellectual operations much more effectively than man alone can perform them Prerequisites for the achievement of the effective cooperative association include developments in computer time sharing in memory components in memory organization in programming languages and in input and output equipment 1 Introduction 1 1 Symbiosis The fig tree is pollinated only by the insect Blastophaga grossorun The larva of the insect lives in the ovary of the fig tree and there it gets its food The tree and the insect are thus heavily interdependent the tree cannot reproduce wit bout the insect the insect cannot eat wit bout the tree together they constitute not only a viable but a productive and thriving partnership This cooperative living together in intimate association or even close union of two dissimilar organisms is called symbiosis 27 Man computer symbiosis is a subclass of man machine systems There are many man machine systems At present however there are no mancomputer symbioses The purposes of this paper are to present the concept and hopefully to foster the development of man computer



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