UT GOV 312L - Gov 312L notes (7 pages)

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Gov 312L notes



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Gov 312L notes

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Pages:
7
School:
University of Texas at Austin
Course:
Gov 312l - Issues and Policies in American Government
Issues and Policies in American Government Documents

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03 25 2014 Carrols notes Lecture 10 Emergance of Middle East States The state is a fundamental concept for political scientists different from governments that do not last very long and rulers that have shorter time span that government Based on 2 characteristics External Politics Enjoys internationally recognized borders Austin is not a state Canada is NOT a state Internal Politics The state INTERNALLY needs to be the highest authority when it comes to coercion or official violence and when it comes to setting rules so the state is sovereign there is no other power inside the state that claims more authority If there is a country ex Afghanistan where you have a ruler and a capital but you have other groups say militias that are using violence using their own form of justice basically running their own governments then it is lacking sovereignty and it is referred to as a failed state WAR Where the state comes from The answer is WAR In waging war states must be involved in activities Such as conscript soldiers must extract revenue In western European history this lead to very powerful states such as Germany France and Great Britain 2nd aspect of war the recognition of international boundaries when they win wars they accept and when they lose they also have to get boundaries so for a great extent they have been determined by the outcomes of wars 1 of the reasons that the borders seem arbitrary to the people within them is because is that because the borders of states do not conform to the relates to Nationalism Nationalism Nationalism is some sense of belonging in the community based on a shared identity that identity can come from religion language territory ethnicity or from a sense of shared history common experience Middle East we see 1914 beginning of WWI is people who previously belonging to an Empire either the Ottoman Empire or as starting to think of themselves as some other community or some other nation Discrepancy between what people perceived themselves



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