CU-Boulder IPHY 2420 - Lipids and Health: Cardiovascular Disease (4 pages)

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Lipids and Health: Cardiovascular Disease



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Lipids and Health: Cardiovascular Disease

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Lecture Notes 9/17/14


Lecture number:
9
Pages:
4
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Colorado at Boulder
Course:
Iphy 2420 - Nutrition for Health and Performance
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

IPHY 2420 1st Edition Lecture 9 Outline of Last Lecture I Fats Other Lipids II III IV V VI VII VIII Triglycerides What oil should we buy Phospholipids Cholesterol Saturation Trans Fats Omega 3 vs Omega 6 Outline of Current Lecture I Bile II Digestion III Lipids and Health Cardiovascular Disease a Atherosclerosis b Plaque c Arteriosclerosis IV Embolus Formation a Heart Attack vs Stroke b Symptoms Man vs Women c Risk Factors V Fat Replacers VI Clicker Questions These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Current Lecture BILE Made in the liver Stored in the gallbladder Bile salts aid in lipid digestion Without bile lipids clump together in large fat globules Bile is florescent green Summary of Digestion 1 2 3 4 Stomach minor fat digestion occur Liver produces bile that emulsifies fat Pancreas secretes lipase into small intestine Small Intestine When do we use fat for energy The body prefers glucose Triglycerides Fatty acid is monomer of fats Liver converts glycerol into glucose Body uses sugar over fat Fat Is amazingly efficient way to store energy Fat warms you cushions organs and is very important How much fat should we be eating 20 30 of total calories 10 Saturated fats 300mg Cholesterol a day Trans fatty hydrogenated or processed fats acid intake as low as possible Stay away from processed foods LIPIDS HEALTH Cardiovascular Disease CVD disease that affects the heart and blood vessels blood movement and oxygen movement limited Heart disease or stroke by age 18 most Americans have plaque build up that causes these Not just a male problem common in females too Take home message Healthy arteries have plenty of open space for blood to flow through we want space With plaque development it adds and builds plaque and closes up the space resulting in high blood pressure Same amount of blood volume needs to be pumped through smaller space thus increase of pressure to



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