CU-Boulder IPHY 2420 - Carbohydrates (4 pages)

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Lecture Nots 9/8/14

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Lecture Note
University of Colorado at Boulder
Iphy 2420 - Nutrition for Health and Performance

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IPHY 2420 1nd Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I Macronutrients II What They Do III Types Kinds and Functions IV Classifying Amino Acids V Proteins in Food Body Outline of Current Lecture I Announcements II Carbohydrates III MONOSACCHRIDES DISACCHARIDES IV Sucrose V Alternative Sweeteners VI Complex Carbohydrates VII What is Whole Grain VIII What happens to Carbohydrates in Your Body Current Lecture Announcments NUTRITION HEALTH SPETEMBER 8th 2014 FIRST EXAM FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 19th QUIZ ON FRIDAY 2 extra point D2L Blood work sign up Next Friday September 12 th Carbohydrates What your body is made to run on major source of energy Brain runs on 80 carbs Very easy to break down preferred source of energy Cells run on carbs Made by plants from CO2 and H20 energy from the sun ALWAYS END IN ose How are Carbs made Plants use sun s energy to combine carbon and oxygen and hydrogen to form them These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Better conditions for a plant the more carbs they make more water sun etc Simple Carbohydrates Monosaccharide monomer of carbs 1 sugar Disaccharide 2 sugars MONOSACCHRIDES DISACCHARIDES MONOSACCHRIDES 1 Glucose primary energy for cells 2 Fructose Fruit Sugar 3 Galactose Milk Sugar DISACCHARIDES 1 Maltose i Glucose glucose 2 Sucrose i Glucose fructose 3 Lactose i Glucose galactose POLYSACHARIDES Harder to break down 2 parts Sucrose Table Sugar 100 sucrose Sugar cane grown in wetlands or sugar beets COLORADO and all over west Sugar beets more economic to grow less water Making it into table sugar strips the beets of all vitamins and minerals no longer good for you Also we bleach this sugar this is instant sugar but also causes strong reaction Our bodies are not made to eat table sugar we are made to eat food that have sugar in them Sucrose is naturally in honey maple syrup carrots sweet fruits etc Table sugar is not diluted Honey

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