UT Arlington CRCJ 3338 - Exam 1 Study Guide (8 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
8
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Crcj 3338 - Juvenile Justice Systems

Unformatted text preview:

CRCJ 3338 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapters 1 3 Chapter 1 1 what old law make differences between juvenile and adult courts Roman civil law and the church made clear distinctions between adults and juveniles based on the notion age of responsibility Age set at 7 not having a guilty mind 7 14 only if they could tell right from wrong 14 years and older could be charged as an adult 2 Know the difference a Statue of artificers children of paupers could be involuntarily separated from their parents and apprenticed to others 1562 Passed by parliament b Poor law act involuntary separation of children from impoverished parents these kids were placed in bondage to local residents as apprentices c Both based on the state had the best interest of the child and the best welfare of the child in mind 3 Know the JJ system primary focus on over time a 1700 s educate and instruct in some useful trade or occupation b 1800s therapeutic approach housed and taught trade to be better equipped to stay on the right side of the law i 1818 aimed at education and treatment ii House of refuge failure in rehabilitation but beginning of the child saving movement iii Legalistic approach 4 Know the difference between the juvenile court cases a 1870 People v ex rel O connor v Turner Found unconstitutional to commit a child to a reform school without proof of a crime and without conviction of an offense Foster care was introduced at this time b 1966 Kent v US 16yo charged with rape and robbery confessed and judge waived case to criminal court found guilty no trial Kent s attorney argued waiver was invalid due to Kent being denied his constitutional right since he was a juvenile Supreme court agreed stating juvenile have a right to a hearing and due process based upon 14th amendment No transfer to adult court without proper written reason and need for minimum due process c 1967 In re Gault 15yo accused of making obscene phone calls victim never appeared in court so Gault couldn t face his accuser Never



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