ISU SOA 106 - Exam 1 Study Guide (12 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


A compressed version of our sociology notes for the first exam

Study Guide
Illinois State University
Soa 106 - Introduction to Sociology
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SOA 106 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 11 Lecture 1 August 22 Sociology is the systematic study of human society and social behavior from large scale institutions and mass culture to small groups and individual interactions Basic Principles of Sociology 1 Society creates reality 2 It is possible to study society scientifically 3 Cultures differ across time and space 4 Individuals and society are inseparable 5 Institutions are inherently conservative 6 Social life is dynamic The Sociological Imagination the ability to connect individuals lives to historical forces that shape them coined by C Wright Mills the sociological imagination is the intersection of biography and history Lecture 2 August 25 Sociology as a discipline is the product of two dramatic social changes Englightenment and Industrial Revolution Enlightenment 18th C Age of Reason emergence of political liberty political revolutions rise of science and rational thought Industrial Revolution 19th C Shift from Agrarian to Industrial economy urbanization extremes of wealth and poverty Emile Durkheim 1858 1917 Key Problem understanding the social forces that produce order and disorder Key Concepts social facts observable division of labor anomie Key Works The Division of Labor in Society 1893 Suicide 1897 Believed social facts were the essence of sociological works Division of Labor and Society Mechanical Solidarity holds traditional societies together simple societies built on sameness unspecialized division of labor EX Amish Community Organic Solidarity high level of specialization high division of labor Division of labor makes people dependent on one another creates solidarity break this down chaos Suicide Importance of social integration put sociology on the map holdings still hold true Discovers role of social integration not concerned with individual suicide concerned with rates across countires Why would some societies have higher lower rates than others rich people have higher suicide rates

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