UT Knoxville PHIL 252 - Exam 1 Study Guide (2 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
2
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Tennessee
Course:
Phil 252 - Contemporary Moral Problems

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Phil 252 Exam Review Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 6 Identification of Important Terms and Theories Four Features of a Competent Moral Judge 1 2 3 4 5 6 Intelligence Adequate knowledge of the situation Willing to engage and to deliberate on your moral capacities Sensitive to any biases you may have Willing to put yourself in other peoples shoes Willing to give reason for moral judgment Four Features of a Considered Moral Belief 1 2 3 4 Exercise your moral capacities There will be no punishment or benefit from your belief Careful inquiry into the facts Made with some confidence without much hesitation Good in itself One thing and one thing only is good in itself and that is happiness pleasure Hedonism Is the pleasure in the absence of pain Four ways in which pleasure can differ with one another including a description of what these differences are Intensity some pleasures are stronger than others example accomplishing a goal vs finishing homework Proximity some pleasures have long term or short term pleasure example graduating from a good college vs a party Fecundity some pleasures increase or decrease over time example a loving marriage vs a bad relationship Purity some pleasures are more pure than others example being loved by a parent vs loving an ex Quality some pleasures are higher pleasures call upon higher levels of thinking example listening go classical music vs lower pleasures call upon basic pleasures example eating Experience Machine The project that gave people the option to opt into a program that would give them all of their desires The catch is that it is all a computer program and non of it is real however once in the program you believe it is real The idea was to see if people would choose to have everything they have ever wanted with no pain even if it was all essentially fake Utilitarianism A Moral Theory which states that an act is right if it produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number Humanity according to Kant Humanity



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