UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - chp 17 notes (4 pages)

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chp 17 notes



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chp 17 notes

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology

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A related discipline behavioral medicine is an interdisciplinary fi eld that focuses on developing and integrating behavioral and biomedical knowledge to promote health and reduce illness Th e concerns of health psychology and behavioral medicine overlap Health psychology primarily focuses on behavioral social and cognitive infl uences Brannon Feist 2010 Norris others 2009 whereas behavioral medicine centers on behavioral social and biomedical factors Health psychology emphasizes psychology s role in establishing and maintaining health and preventing and treating illness Th is subfi eld of psychology refl ects the belief that lifestyle choices behaviors and psychological characteristics can play important roles in health The biopsychosocial model abbreviated BPS is a general model or approach positing that biological psychological which entails thoughts emotions and behaviors and social factors all play a significant role in human functioning in the context of disease or illness Indeed health is best understood in terms of a combination of biological psychological and social factors rather than purely in biological terms This is in contrast to the traditional reductionist biomedical model of medicine that suggests every disease process can be explained in terms of an underlying deviation from normal function such as a pathogen genetic or developmental abnormality or injury General adaptation syndrome GAS is Selye s term for the common eff ects on the body when stressful demands are placed on it Figure 17 2 Th e GAS consists of three stages alarm resistance and exhaustion Selye s model is especially useful in helping us understand the link between stress and health Th e body s fi rst reaction to a stressor in the alarm stage is a temporary state of shock during which resistance to illness and stress falls below normal limits In trying to cope with the initial eff ects of stress the body quickly releases hormones that in a short time adversely aff ect the functioning



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