ISU BSC 160 - Endocytosis & Central Dogma (3 pages)

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Endocytosis & Central Dogma



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Endocytosis & Central Dogma

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Endocytosis & Central Dogma


Lecture number:
11
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Illinois State University
Course:
Bsc 160 - Microbiology and Society
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

Unformatted text preview:

BIOM 121 1nd Edition Lecture 11 Outline of Last Lecture 1 Eukaryote Cells 2 Membrane Organelles 3 Cytoskeleton Outline of Current Lecture 1 Endocytosis 2 Mitochondria 3 Endosymbiosis 4 Central Dogma Current Lecture Endocytosis Bringing in https www youtube com watch v DuDmvlbpjHQ Mitochondria Structure 2 membranes membrane proteins in inner membrane contain circular DNA and 70S ribosomes Function Catabolize break down nutrients via TCA cycle synthesize ATP Sugar ATP Chloroplast Structure 2 membranes outer inner thylakoid site of photosynthesis contains circular DNA and 70S ribosomes Function Convert light energy to ATP reducing power ATP Sugar These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Endosymbionts Paulinella chromatophora Amoeba that contains cyanobacteria like plastid Retains peptidoglycan phycobillisomes light harvesting structures provides photosynthate to amoeba Evidence for Endosymbiosis Both organelles contain bacterial chromosomes Double membrane similar to gram cell wall Both organelles divide by binary fission Chloroplast photochemistry is very similar to Cyanobacteria Ribosomes 16S rRNA Chapter 4 DNA Replication Mutation Repair Central Dogma DNA transcribe RNA translation Protein To transcribe you need gene RNA polymerase To translate you need mRNA tRNA ribsome RNA protein Genome ATGC s that make up DNA Origin of replication OriC gets replication process aligned properly Plasmids can replicate independently from the plasmid chromosome Mutation is the source of variation for evolution Insertion or deletion changes protein Brain shift mutation change in final message Transcription using DNA as a template DNA Original message RNA transcribes from that



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