VCU RELS 108 - Human Spirituality 2 (19 pages)

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Human Spirituality 2



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Human Spirituality 2

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All lecture/reading notes leading up to second test.


Pages:
19
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Rels 108 - Human Spirituality
Human Spirituality Documents

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Hinduism 03 07 2014 The Religion of the Veda Indus River Valley Pre Aryans Dravidians 3000 BCE 1500 BCE Highly advanced culture writing system seal stamps Planned city Agricultural society irrigation cattle herding Began to decline 1800 1500 BCE Decline of the Dravidians Gradual decline o Natural disasters Flood o Agricultural instability Migration of new people Aryans Aryans Aryan noble one in Sanskrit Migrated from Mesopotamian basin to India warriors pastoralists poets Portable religion oral transmission o Polytheistic personification of nature human qualities in animal gods Aryan Invasion Theory not necessarily a planned invasion they came in waves Varnas 1750 1200 BCE Aryans migrated in waves to India Lived in tribal communities with leaders known as rajas or maha rajas Societal distinctions developed o Varnas classes color class distinction often based on skin color Aryans lighter Brahmins priests Kshatriyas warriors chieftans Vaishyas commoners merchants Shudras slaves servants Aryan Religion Polytheistic Gods personification of nature natural forces Animistic qualities Sacrifice on altars portable nomadic quality Sacrifice of animals milk butter soma hallucinogenic plant Two Types of Revelation Shruti Hindu sacred writings Veda generally more authoritative based on revealed knowledge Smriti writings based on remembered revelations less authoritative Vedas Oldest sacred text of Hinduism Basic source for understanding of universe o All other texts seen as commentary o Created when Aryans came into India and mixed with natives o Oral transmission for generations before written down o Vedic language predecessor of early Sanskrit Veda knowledge Rig Veda oldest collection 1000 hymns containing mythology o Most popular heaviest Aryan influence Yajur Veda knowledge of rites collection of recitations used during sacrifice Sama Veda chants and hymns recited by preists Atharva Veda knowledge of sage Atharva common rituals and prayers to the gods spells and incantations



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