VCU RELS 108 - Human Spirituality 1 (29 pages)

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Human Spirituality 1



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Human Spirituality 1

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All lecture/reading notes leading up to first test.


Pages:
29
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Rels 108 - Human Spirituality
Human Spirituality Documents

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Human Spirituality 02 24 2014 Where does spirituality come from External observation led to introspection Rooted in the need to explain reality reasoning behind events in our lives Spirituality existed before organized Religion Prehistorical Evidence of Spirituality Fertility symbols ex Venus of Willendorf statue cave paintings burial customs ex treatment of body and brain after death Why do we need it Compendium of Charaka Three Priorities o 1 Life itself o 2 Gather what is needed to sustain life o 3 Develop spiritual life that transcends 1 and 2 Maslow s hierarchy of needs Inversion Spirituality encompasses and extends outside of Religion the search for the Sacred What is the Sacred Emile Durkheim French Sociologist 1858 1917 o Established the Sacred and Profane Dichotomy The Sacred set apart forbidden outside of worldly existence collective The Profane ordinary mundane individual Mircea Eliade Romanian Historian of Religion 1907 1986 o Hierophany Manifestation of the Sacred in the mundane world Questions that Religion Addresses Who am I nature of the self How did I get here origin story creation Who are you nature of the other What is all this the meaning Where will I go explanation of death and beyond Defining Religion Sir James Frazer Scottish Social Anthropologist 1854 1941 o Wrote The Golden Bough Humans are mainly concerned with extending their mastery over their world and destinies o They do so through various successive means magic religion science Religion Any of the faith based systems of belief and practices that 1 Explain the nature of the self 2 Describes the Divine Ultimate Sacred at least takes cognizance of superior forces 3 Presents mythology and eschatology often including a description of a state of personal freedom salvation or liberation 4 Employs ritual to bring positive effect 5 Recommends a code of ethics and behavior Faith The notion of belief that can either be right or wrong because it cannot be proven outside of logic faith and belief



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