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WVU BCOR 320 - US Primary Sources

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BCOR 320 1nd Edition Lecture 2 Origins of laws• Inherited much from British law.• Founding Fathers created a multi-level government which guaranteed citizens’ rights.• Accumulation of precedent in legal cases makes up the common law.• Statutes are passed by legislative body.• Substantive rules state parties’ rights.• Procedural rules determine how courts should settle disputes.U.S primary Sources1. Constitution (U.S and State)2. Statutes (Passed by congress and state legislatures)3. Regulations (promulgated by federal and state agencies)4. Case Law5. Executive Orders (issued by federal and state executive branch)Four Roles of U.S constitution1. Establish structure of national government (checks and balances)2. Control relationship between national and state government3. Define and preserve personal liberty4. Allow government to perpetuate itselfU.S constitution ↓Legislative branch Executive branch judicial branch Administrative agency Legislative branch = Article 1 StatutesExecutive branch = Article 2 Executive orders Judicial Branch = Article 3 Case decisionsSecondary Sources of U.S LawThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Books, articles, and comments- Legal encyclopedias- RestatementsClassifications of lawCriminal Law:- Dangerous behavior outlawed by society- Government prosecutes accused - Guilt is determined - Punishment or fine is imposedCivil Law- Regulates rights and duties of parties- Victim, not government brings suit- Guilt not determined - Compensation is ordered Substantive law- Defines the rights of people Procedural law- Establishes processes for settling disputesPublic law- Sets the duties of government to its citizens Private law- Regulates duties between


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