Mizzou NUTR_S 1340 - 3 (6 pages)

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Nutr_S 1340 - Introduction to Exercise and Fitness

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AP Psychology Master Cheat Sheet O1 Introduction to AP Psychology Psychology is the science that deals with mental processes and behavior AP Psychology is an introductory college psychology course to introduce the systematic and scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of humans animals The focus is on emotional and behavioral characteristics of the individual through all stages of life the characteristics of groups and the characteristics of various activities Therefore Psychologists experiment with observe test and treat behavior A neuroscience perspective Focus on how the body and brain enable emotions memories and sensory experiences An evolutionary perspective Looks at how the natural selection of traits promotes the perception of one s genes A behaviour genetics perspective Focus on how much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences A psychodynamic perspective Focus on how behaviour springs from unconscious drives and conflicts A behavioral perspective Focus on how we learn observable responses A cognitive perspective Focus on how we encode process store and retrieve information A social cultural perspective Focus on how behaviour and thinking vary across situations and cultures 02 History and Approaches B C Ancient Times A D 500 300 300 400 800 1200 1500 1600 1700 1800 Now Buddha Confucius Hebrew Scriptures Exponential Development Augustine Descartes Bacon Ancient Greece Unchanged Method Descriptive Purpose Observe and record behavior Detect naturally occurring relationships Correlational Assess how a variable predicts another Experimental Explore cause and effect Method How It Is Conducted Descriptive Using case studies surveys or naturalistic observations No manipulation Correlational Computes statistical association No manipulation Experimental Manipulation of one or more factors Random Assignment Method Possible Problems Descriptive Possibly involving an atypical sample or biased observations Correlational Does not



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