WVU PSYC 101 - Perceptual Organization (2 pages)

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Perceptual Organization



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Perceptual Organization

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Perceptual Organization


Lecture number:
9
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
West Virginia University
Course:
Psyc 101 - Introduction to Psychology

Unformatted text preview:

PSYCH 101 1nd Edition Lecture 9 Outline of Last Lecture I Hearing and Other Sense Outline of Current Lecture II Perceptual Organization Current Lecture 1 Distinguish perception from sensation review a Perception an attempt to construct a meaningful situation b Sensation Initial response to a stimulus i What do we mean by figure in perception 1 Object being perceived ii What is ground 1 Background spaces within the object 2 Distinguish between the Gestalt approach and feature analysis a Feature analysis Breakdown into features and process separately b Gestalt principles i Closure we tend to group elements together to form enclosed complete figures ii Proximity We perceive elements that are closer as grouped together iii Similarity we perceive similar elements to be grouped together iv Simplicity when we observe a pattern we perceive it in the most basic way 3 Distinguish between top down and bottom up processing a Top down processing Perception that is guided by higher level knowledge experience expectations and motivation b Bottom up processing Perception that consists of the progression of recognizing and processing information from individual components of a stimuli and moving to the perception of the whole 4 Explain perceptual consistency a The phenomenon in which physical objects are perceived as unvarying and consistent despite changes in their appearance or in physical environment 5 The ability to view the world in 3 D and to perceive distance is called depth perception a Binocular disparity Difference in images seen by the left eye and the right eye These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute b Monocular cues Cues that permit us to obtain a sense of depth and distance with just ONE eye i Motion Parallax Change in position of an object on the retina caused by movement of the body relative to the object ii Linear perspective Estimating distance allows 2



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