TAMU ARCH 350 - Rationalism (3 pages)

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Rationalism in History and Architecture

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Arch 350 - Hist/Theor Mod/Cont Arch
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ARCH 350 1st Edition Lecture 2 Outline of Last Lecture I Modernization II Modernity III Modernism IV Zeitgest V Parts of Modernism a Industrialism b Rationalism c Functionalism Outline of Current Lecture I Joseph Paxton A Crystal Palace a Architecture details b Importance B Gustave Eiffel a Ponte Dona Maria b Eiffel Tower Current Lecture Rationalism I Joseph Paxton English horticulturalist garden designed and architect Son of a farmer no formal education Designed greenhouses and hothouses originally of wood and glass but later using iron A Crystal Palace These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute II a Architecture details Modular design using mass produced materials iron and glass built in eight months Built by contractors Sir Charles Fox and George Henderson Joseph Paxton s exhibition building finished in 1851 Enclosed over 760 000 square feet using 3 300 modular cast iron columns and 900 000 square feet of glazing It was finished in 9 months thanks to the simplicity of the cast iron structural system Lightweight skeletal Transparent construction 4500 tons of iron Power supplied by humans and horses destroyed by a fire b Importance A new relationship established technology and materials and expressive finality of the building The Great Exhibition in London was the first international exposition intended to showcase nations and technological developments and artistic accomplishments Gustave Eiffel French engineer trained at the cole Central des Arts et Manufactures Early commission age 26 included construction of an iron railway bridge Creates a company to build bridges and viaducts A Ponte Dona Maria railway bridge over the Douro River in Oporto Portugal completed 1877 Made of wrought iron Largest non suspension bridge in the world at that time Novel approach included leaving structural elements exposed B Eiffel Tower iron tower to symbolize technological

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